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==Background==
 
==Background==
The [[International Ice Hockey Federation]] (IIHF), the sport's governing body, was created on 15 May 1908 under the name Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace (LHG).<ref>{{Cite web|title=It all started in Paris, 1908|url=http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/history/the-iihf.html|publisher=International Ice Hockey Federation|accessdate=2009-03-10}}</ref> In 1908, organised ice hockey was still relatively new; the [[Victoria Skating Rink#Ice hockey|first organised indoor ice hockey game]] took place on 3 March 1875 at Montreal's [[Victoria Skating Rink]].<ref>{{Cite journal|title=Hockey: Canada's Royal Winter Game|year=1899|last=Farrell|first=Arthur|pages=27|ref=harv|postscript=<!--None-->}}</ref> In 1887, four clubs from Montreal formed the [[Amateur Hockey Association of Canada]] (AHAC) and developed a structured schedule. [[Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby|Lord Stanley]] donated the [[Stanley Cup]] and the trustees decided to award it to either the best team in the AHAC, or to any pre-approved team that won it in a challenge.<ref>{{harvnb|Wong|2001|pp=41–45}}</ref> the [[Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association]] (ECAHA) was formed in 1905,<ref>{{harvnb|Wong|2001|p=99}}</ref> which mixed paid and amateur players in its rosters. The ECAHA eventually folded and as a result of the dissolution, the [[National Hockey Association]] (NHA) formed.<ref>{{harvnb|Wong|2001|pp=127–128}}</ref>
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The [[International Ice Hockey Federation]] (IIHF), the [[Sport governing body|sport's governing body]], was created on 15 May 1908 under the name Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace (LHG).<ref>{{Cite web|title=It all started in Paris, 1908|url=http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/history/the-iihf.html|publisher=International Ice Hockey Federation|accessdate=2009-03-10}}</ref> In 1908, organised ice hockey was still relatively new; the [[Victoria Skating Rink#Ice hockey|first organised indoor ice hockey game]] took place on 3 March 1875 at Montreal's [[Victoria Skating Rink]].<ref>{{Cite journal|title=Hockey: Canada's Royal Winter Game|year=1899|last=Farrell|first=Arthur|pages=27|ref=harv|postscript=<!--None-->}}</ref> In 1887, four clubs from Montreal formed the [[Amateur Hockey Association of Canada]] (AHAC) and developed a structured schedule. [[Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby|Lord Stanley]] donated the [[Stanley Cup]] and the trustees decided to award it to either the best team in the AHAC, or to any pre-approved team that won it in a challenge.<ref>{{harvnb|Wong|2001|pp=41–45}}</ref> the [[Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association]] (ECAHA) was formed in 1905,<ref>{{harvnb|Wong|2001|p=99}}</ref> which mixed paid and amateur players in its rosters. The ECAHA eventually folded and as a result of the dissolution, the [[National Hockey Association]] (NHA) formed.<ref>{{harvnb|Wong|2001|pp=127–128}}</ref>
   
 
The [[Ice Hockey European Championships]], first held in [[Les Avants]], [[Switzerland]] in January 1910, were the precursor to the World Championships. It was the first official tournament meant for national teams, the participating nations were Great Britain, Germany, Belgium and Switzerland.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Story #84–A Swiss Alpine village sees the dawn of international hockey|url=http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/the-iihf/100-year-anniversary/100-top-stories/story-84.html|publisher=International Ice Hockey Federation|accessdate=2009-03-01|year=2008|author=[[#Podmon|Szemberg, Szymon; Podnieks, Andrew]]}}</ref> In North America, professional hockey was continuing to grow, the [[National Hockey League]] (NHL), the largest professional hockey league in the world, was formed in 1917. The European Championships were held for five consecutive years but were not held between 1915 and 1920 due to [[World War I]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/history/all-medallists.html|title=It all started in Les Avants, 1910|accessdate=2009-03-10|publisher=International Ice Hockey Federation}}</ref>
 
The [[Ice Hockey European Championships]], first held in [[Les Avants]], [[Switzerland]] in January 1910, were the precursor to the World Championships. It was the first official tournament meant for national teams, the participating nations were Great Britain, Germany, Belgium and Switzerland.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Story #84–A Swiss Alpine village sees the dawn of international hockey|url=http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/the-iihf/100-year-anniversary/100-top-stories/story-84.html|publisher=International Ice Hockey Federation|accessdate=2009-03-01|year=2008|author=[[#Podmon|Szemberg, Szymon; Podnieks, Andrew]]}}</ref> In North America, professional hockey was continuing to grow, the [[National Hockey League]] (NHL), the largest professional hockey league in the world, was formed in 1917. The European Championships were held for five consecutive years but were not held between 1915 and 1920 due to [[World War I]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/history/all-medallists.html|title=It all started in Les Avants, 1910|accessdate=2009-03-10|publisher=International Ice Hockey Federation}}</ref>
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