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The United States Amateur Hockey Association (USAHA) was an ice hockey league that ran from 1920 to 1925 in the northeastern and mid-western parts of the United States.

It was formed on October 25, 1920 to take over control of American ice hockey from the International Skating Union. A league was formed with three groups:

Group 1 (East)

Group 2 (Central)

Group 3 (West)

The league was ostensibally amateur. But increasingly, Canadian players came down to join these teams. They would, of course, be paid in some way.

The league's playoff champions were awarded the Fellowes Cup.

The USAHA was a victim of its own success. The admission of the Boston Bruins in 1924 and the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1925 to the National Hockey League took away two of its best cities. The league played its last season in 1924-25. The remaining teams in the western section formed a new league - the Central Amateur Hockey League. This league became the American Hockey Association in 1926-27.

Fellowes Cup champions[]

List of seasons[]


Team Location Arena Tenure Notes
Boston AA Boston, Massachusetts Boston Arena 1920-1925 withdrew
Boston Shoe Trades Club Boston, Massachusetts Boston Arena 1920-1921 withdrew
Calumet Calumet, Michigan Calumet Colosseum Ice Rink 1920-1922 withdrew
Cleveland Indians Cleveland, Ohio Elysium Arena 1920-1925 withdrew
Duluth Hornets Duluth, Minnesota Curling Club Arena (1920-1924)
Duluth Ampitheater (1924-25)
1920-1925 join Central Amateur Hockey League
Eveleth Reds Eveleth, Minnesota Eveleth Hippodrome (1921-1925) & Eveleth Recreation Building (1920-1925) 1920-1925 join Central Hockey League (1925-1926) as Eveleth-Hibbing Rangers
New York St. Nicholas New York, New York St. Nicholas Rink 1920-1923 withdrew
Philadelphia Quaker City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Philadelphia Arena 1920-1922 withdrew
Portage Lakes Houghton, Michigan Amphidrome 1920-1922 withdrew
St. Paul Athletic Club St. Paul, Minnesota St. Paul Hippodrome 1920-1925 join Central Amateur Hockey League and become known as St. Paul Saints
Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan uncertain; possibly outdoor rink adjacent to present site of Pullar Stadium which opened in 1939 1920-1922 withdrew
Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario Gouin Street Arena 1920-1922 withdrew to compete in Northern Ontario Hockey Association
Boston Pere Marquette Boston, Massachusetts Boston Arena 1921-1922 withdrew
Boston Westminster Boston, Massachusetts Boston Arena 1921-1922 withdrew
Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Duquesne Gardens 1921-1925 franchise sold; forms nucleus of Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL)
Boston Hockey Club Boston, Massachusetts Boston Arena 1922-1925 continue to play as an independent team
Milwaukee Athletic Club Milwaukee, Wisconsin Coliseum at State Fair Park 1922-1923 withdrew
New Haven Westminster New Haven, Connecticut New Haven Arena 1922-1924 wtihdrew when arena burned down
New York Canadian Club New York, New York St. Nicholas Rink 1922-1923 withdrew
Boston Maple AA Boston, Massachusetts Boston Arena 1923-1925 withdrew
Minneapolis Millers Minneapolis, Minnesota Minneapolis Arena 1923-1925 join Central Hockey League (1925-1926)
Pittsburgh Fort Pitt Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Duquesne Gardens 1924-1925 withdrew