Ice Hockey Wiki
Timiskaming Professional Hockey League
Sport Ice hockey
Founded 1906
Inaugural season 1906
No. of teams 4
Country(ies) Flag of Canada Canada
Ceased 1911
Last champion(s) Cobalt Silver Kings

The Timiskaming Professional Hockey League (TPHL) was a minor professional ice hockey league based in the area of Lake Timiskaming, Canada. Founded in 1906, the league is notable for providing teams and Ambrose O'Brien, the founder of the National Hockey Association, which became today's National Hockey League.


The league was founded in 1906 in the mining towns of Northern Ontario, Canada. Owned by wealthy mine owners, the league paid its players, one of the few leagues to do so at the time. The games between teams served as the basis for high-stakes gambling between the owners, players and the public. 'Ringers' from the southern ice hockey leagues would be paid to join the teams for a single game, hoping to garner large gambling profits for the team owners.

In 1905-06, there was an informal competition played involving New Liskeard, Haileybury, and Cobalt. The games were all exhibitions and the actual league began the following winter. These are some results from the 1905-06 season:[1]

  • 1905: New Liskeard 2-5 Haileybury
  • 1905: Haileybury tied New Liskeard
  • 1905: Haileybury 2-7 New Liskeard
  • 1906: New Liskeard beat Haileybury
  • 1906: New Liskeard 1-11 Haileybury
  • Feb 23, 1906: Haileybury 4-11 New Liskeard
  • Mar 20, 1906: Cobalt 1-10 New Liskeard

In a 1909 game between Haileybury and Cobalt at Cobalt, over $10,000 dollars was in the pot in bets. Haileybury won 6–5 in overtime, with five of the six goals scored by Harry Smith who had been lured from the Montreal Wanderers of the Eastern Canada Hockey Association.

The use of 'ringers' had one negative effect on the league. The league challenged for the Stanley Cup twice in 1909 and was rejected twice by the Stanley Cup trustees because of the 'ineligible' players on Cobalt, the 1909 champion. The trustees implemented a rule that players had to be a member of the team at the start of season, set at January 2.

Just before the 1910 season, the league dissolved so that two of its teams, Cobalt and Haileybury would help to form the National Hockey Association. The owner of the two teams Ambrose O'Brien, along with his family's money financed four teams in the NHA, including the Renfrew Millionaires and the Montreal Canadiens, then known as 'Les Canadiens'. In 1910, after their NHA franchises were dealt away, the TPHL resumed play and Cobalt and Haileybury returned to the league for the 1910–11 season before ending operations.

The league was succeeded by the Timiskaming Senior Hockey League.


Team Location Arena Tenure Notes
Cobalt Silver Kings Cobalt, Ontario The Sports Palace 1906-1911
Haileybury Comets Haileybury, Ontario Cobalt-Haileybury Curling Club Curling Rink 1906-1911
New Liskeard New Liskeard, Ontario New Liskeard Arena 1906-1907
Latchford Latchford, Ontario 1906-1907
North Bay North Bay, Ontario North Bay Arena Rink 1910-1911


  • 1907: Cobalt Silver Kings (?)
  • 1908: New Liskeard
  • 1909: Cobalt Silver Kings
  • 1911: Haileybury Comets

Notable players[]

These may have been 'ringers' imported for single games:


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