The Soviet Union men's national junior ice hockey team represented the Soviet Union at the IIHF World U20 Championship (also known as the World Junior Championship).

In 1992 it was replaced by the Unified Team for one year as the Soviet Union began to break up. Starting in 1993 the team was replaced by teams representing the now-separate republics. Russia is the largest.

The team won the gold medal in: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1984, and 1989.

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