In ice hockey, a team is said to be on a powerplay when at least one opposing player is serving a penalty, and the team has a numerical advantage on the ice (whenever both teams have the same number of penalties being served, there is no powerplay). Up to two players per side may serve in the penalty box, giving a team up to a possible 5 on 3 powerplay. If a goaltender commits a foul, another player who was on the ice at the time of the penalty serves. The power play ends if the attacking team scores. If the penalty is a double minor, a goal scored kills half of the penalty, thus taking 2 goals to end the power play. If a player is given a major penalty (five minute duration) a powerplay occurs, however if the team on the powerplay scores, the penalty is not ended. Major penalties only end when five minutes has elapsed or the game has ended. Misconducts do not result in powerplays. If a team scores that is taking the penalty, it is called a short-handed goal.

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