The annual NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship tournament determines the top men's ice hockey team in NCAA Division I and Division III.

The semi-finals and finals of the Division I Championship are branded as the Frozen Four, a passing nod to the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship - known as the Final Four in its final rounds. The tournament was first referred to as the Frozen Four in 1999.

The NCAA Men's Division I Ice Hockey Championship is a single elimination competition that has determined the collegiate national champion since the inaugural 1948 NCAA Men's Division I Ice Hockey Tournament. The tournament features 16 teams representing all six Division I conferences in the nation. The Championship Committee seeds the entire field from 1 to 16 within four regionals of 4 teams. The winners of the six Division I conference championships receive automatic bids to participate in the NCAA Championship. The tournament begins with initial games played at four regional sites culminating with the semi-finals and finals played at a single site.

In setting up the tournament, the Championship Committee seeks to ensure "competitive equity, financial success and likelihood of playoff-type atmosphere at each regional site." A team serving as the host of a regional is placed within that regional. The top four teams are assigned overall seeds and placed within the bracket such that the national semifinals will feature the No. 1 seed versus the No. 4 seed and the No. 2 seed versus the No. 3 seed should the top four teams win their respective regional finals. Number 1 seeds are also placed as close to their home site as possible, with the No. 1 seed receiving first preference. Conference matchups are avoided in the first round; should five or more teams from one conference make the tournament, this guideline may be disregarded in favor of preserving the bracket's integrity.

The NCAA started a Women's Frozen Four beginning with the 2000-01 season.

The Hobey Baker Award ceremony, Hockey Humanitarian Award ceremony, and Town Hall Meeting take place annually during Frozen Four weekend.[1]

Division I Edit

Championship game resultsEdit

Rankings by most championshipsEdit

Teams are listed first in order of championships won, and then by most recent championship.

Rank School #
1 Michigan 9
2 Denver 7
North Dakota 7
4 Wisconsin 6
5 Boston University 5
Minnesota 5
7 Boston College 4
8 Michigan State 3
Lake Superior State 3
Michigan Tech 3
11 Maine 2
Rensselaer 2
Cornell 2
Colorado College 2
15 Northern Michigan 1
Harvard 1
Bowling Green


Union College


Rankings by stateEdit

The following list is of championships won ranked by state.

Rank State School #
1 Michigan Michigan (9)
Lake Superior State (3)
Michigan State (3)
Michigan Tech (3)
Northern Michigan (1)
2 Massachusetts Boston University (5)
Boston College (4)
Harvard (1)
3 Colorado Denver (7)
Colorado College (2)
4 North Dakota North Dakota (7) 7
5 Wisconsin Wisconsin (6) 6
6 Minnesota Minnesota (5) 5
7 New York

Cornell (2)
Rensselaer (2)
Union (1)

8 Maine Maine (2) 2
9 Ohio Bowling Green (1) 1

Tournament format historyEdit

4 teams (1 game series)
5-6 teams (1 game series)
8 teams (2 game, total goals first round at higher seed)
12 teams (2 game, total goals first two rounds at higher seed)
12 teams (best of 3 games first two rounds series at higher seed)
12 teams (divided up into 2 regionals, East Regional and West Regional; 6 Teams each)
16 teams (divided up into 4 regionals: Northeast, East, Midwest and West Regionals: 4 Teams each)

Division IIEdit

The Division II Championship was suspended following 1999, due to a lack of sponsoring schools. Most of the schools in Division II hockey became members of newly formed hockey conferences such as College Hockey America. The Northeast Ten Conference is the last remaining Division II conference that sponsors ice hockey.

Championship game resultsEdit

1978Merrimack12–2Lake Forest
1979Lowell6–4Mankato State
1980Mankato State5–2Elmira
1981Lowell5–4Plattsburgh State
1982Lowell6–1Plattsburgh State
1983RIT4–2Bemidji State
1984Bemidji State6–3, 8–1MerrimackTwo-game, total-goal series
1985-1992 Not held
1993Bemidji State10–6, 5–0MercyhurstBest-of-three series
1994Bemidji State3–5, 2–1, 2–1 (OT)Ala.-Huntsville
1995Bemidji State6–2, 5–4Mercyhurst
1996Ala.-Huntsville7–1, 3–0Bemidji State
1997Bemidji State3–2, 4–2Ala.-Huntsville
1998Ala.-Huntsville6–2, 5–2Bemidji State
1999St. Michael's4–4, 8–5New Hampshire College

Division IIIEdit

Championship game resultsEdit

1984Babson8–0Union (N.Y.)
1985RIT5–1Bemidji State
1986Bemidji State8–5#Plattsburgh State
1987Plattsburgh State8–3Oswego State
1988Wis.-River Falls7–1, 3–5, 3–0Elmira
1989Wis.-Stevens Point3–3, 3–2RIT
1990Wis.-Stevens Point10–1, 3–6, 1–0Plattsburgh State
1991Wis.-Stevens Point6–2Mankato State
1992Plattsburgh State7–3Wis.-Stevens Point
1993Wis.-Stevens Point4–3 (OT)Wis.-River Falls
1994Wis.-River Falls6–4Wis.-Superior
1995Middlebury1–0Fredonia State
1998Middlebury2–1Wis.-Stevens Point
2000Norwich2–1St. Thomas (Minn.)
2001Plattsburgh State6–2RIT
2002Wis.-Superior3–2 (OT)Norwich
2003Norwich2–1Oswego State
2004Middlebury1–0 (OT)St. Norbert
2005Middlebury5–0St. Thomas (Minn)
2006Middlebury3–0St. Norbert
2007Oswego State4–3 (OT)Middlebury
2008St. Norbert2-0 Plattsburgh State
2009Neumann College4-1 Gustavus Adolphus
2010Norwich2-1 (2OT) St. Norbert
2011St. Norbert4-3 Adrian
2012St. Norbert4-1 Oswego State
2013Wisconsin-Eau Claire5-3 Oswego State
2014St. Norbert 3-1 UW-Stevens Point
2015Trinity College5-2 UW-Stevens Point
2016Wisconsin-Stevens Point 5-1 St. Norbert Green Knights
2017 Norwich 4-1 Trinity College
2018 St. Norbert 3-2 (2ot) Salve Regina
2019 UW-Stevens Point 3-2 (ot) Norwich
2020 Tournament Cancelled due to COVID-19 Pandemic


  1. Hobey Baker Award. Retrieved on 2008-05-15.

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