| Montreal Maroons|
The Montreal Maroons were a professional men's ice hockey team in the National Hockey League (NHL). They played in the NHL from 1924 to 1938, winning the Stanley Cup in 1926 and 1935. They were the last non-Original Six team to win the Stanley Cup until the Philadelphia Flyers in 1974 and the last NHL franchise to fold, that had previously won a Stanley Cup championship.
The Maroons joined the league in 1924 along with the Boston Bruins, the first American team. The expansion fees for both teams were $15,000, with $11,000 of the Maroons fee going to their cross town rivals, the Canadiens. At that time, the Maroons were one of two Montreal teams in the league. While the Montreal Canadiens drew primarily francophone fans, the Maroons largely drew fans from the anglophone neighbourhoods of Montreal. The team was designed to appeal to the anglophone fans of the defunct Montreal Wanderers who folded just six games into the NHL's inaugural season.
Financial strains from the Great Depression led the NHL to realize that Montreal, despite its size, could not support two NHL teams. While both the Canadiens and Maroons had trouble drawing fans, there were far more francophone supporters for the Canadiens than there were anglophone supporters for the Maroons. As a result, the Maroons finished with the worst attendance in the league for three seasons in a row. This, along with the fact that both teams were owned by the Canadian Arena Company by 1935 (Ernest Savard and Maurice Forget, who owned the Canadiens, were part of the Canadian Arena Company and so were the owners of the Maroons, James Strachan and Donat Raymond.) made it obvious only one team could represent Montreal. The financial strains of the Maroons caused them to sell off star winger Hooley Smith and others.
Despite the Maroons' financial troubles, they continued to play competitive hockey well into the 1930s. In fact, the Maroons team that won the Stanley Cup in 1935 were the last team to do so without a loss in the playoffs for 17 years. However, the team's bleak financial situation finally caught up with them in 1937–38, as they finished 12–30–6, the club's worst season since winning only nine games in 1924–25. The league allowed the Maroons to suspend operations for the 1938-39 season. The Maroons' owners tried to sell to interests in St. Louis, Missouri. Earlier in the decade, St. Louis proved that it could support NHL hockey when the Ottawa Senators moved there to become the Eagles. However, while the Eagles had drawn very well, they only survived one season due to the high costs of travelling to Boston, Montreal and Toronto. The league was not about to give St. Louis another chance given the economic situation of the time. The Maroons were eventually sold to interests in Philadelphia, who had every intention of reviving the team after World War II. However, in 1946, the NHL reneged on long-standing promises to reinstate the Maroons and New York Americans.
Len Peto, a director with the Montreal Canadiens, took control of the dormant Maroons and succeeded in getting the franchise transferred to Philadelphia, but lack of a suitable arena was the problem and the league gave Peto until the end of the 1946–47 season to rectify this. By that time, the franchise could not build a suitable arena, and this was the end of the dormant franchise.
The Last GameEdit
The Maroons' last game was played on March 17, 1938, at the Montreal Forum against the Montreal Canadiens. The Maroons were the home team.
The game was meaningless for the Maroons. They were finishing last in their division and out of the playoffs.
The Canadiens scored the only goal of the first period and then jumped into a 4-1 lead by the end of the second. In the third period the Canadiens added two more goals.
With the game out of the Maroons' reach, Jimmy Ward scored at the 10:40 mark of the third period and then added one more with eleven seconds left in the game and in the Maroons' career.
The final score was 6-3 for the Canadiens. Only about 5000 people attended.
|1925–26||40||20||11||5||45||91||73||2nd, Won Stanley Cup over Victoria Cougars|
|1926–27||40||20||20||4||44||71||68||3rd in Canadian division|
|1927–28||40||24||14||6||54||96||77||2nd in Canadian division, lost to Rangers in Stanley Cup Final|
|1928–29||44||15||20||9||39||67||65||5th (last) in Canadian division|
|1929–30||44||23||16||5||51||141||114||1st in Canadian division, lost to Bruins in semi-final|
|1930–31||44||20||18||6||46||105||106||3rd in Canadian division, lost to Rangers in quarter-final|
|1931–32||48||19||22||7||45||142||139||3rd in Canadian division, lost to Falcons in quarter-final|
|1932–33||48||22||20||6||50||135||119||2nd in Canadian division, lost to Red Wings in quarter-final|
|1933–34||48||19||18||11||49||117||122||3rd in Canadian division, lost to Black Hawks in semi-final|
|1934–35||48||24||19||5||53||123||92||2nd in Canadian division, Won Stanley Cup over Maple Leafs|
|1935–36||48||22||16||10||54||114||106||1st in Canadian division, lost to Red Wings in semi-final|
|1936–37||48||22||17||9||53||126||110||1st in Canadian division, lost to Red Wings in semi-final|
|1937–38||48||12||30||6||30||101||149||4th (last) in Canadian division|
All Time Win-Loss Record: 271–260–91
- Punch Broadbent 1924–25
- Dunc Munro 1925–28
- Nels Stewart 1928–32
- Hooley Smith 1932–36
- Lionel Conacher 1936–37
- Stewart Evans 1937–38
- Montreal Forum — built specifically for the Maroons, the Forum, in an ironic twist, would become the most famous arena in hockey largely because of the Canadiens, who shared the arena with the Maroons from 1926 to 1938.
- Hooley Smith was promised a horse by a member of the Montreal Maroon's executive committee if the Maroons won the Stanley Cup. After the Maroons triumphed, Smith was presented with a black Percheron in April 1935 in front of a crowd of 3,000.
- Russ Blinco became the first player to wear glasses during an NHL game in the 1937-38 NHL season. 
- List of Montreal Maroons players
- Head Coaches of the Montreal Maroons
- List of Stanley Cup champions
- Montreal Wanderers
- Montreal Canadiens
- List of defunct NHL teams
- List of NHL seasons
- ↑ The Official NHL 75th Anniversary Commemorative Book, p.72.
|Relocated and defunct NHL teams|
|Atlanta Flames · Colorado Rockies · Hartford Whalers · Kansas City Scouts · Minnesota North Stars · Quebec Nordiques · Winnipeg Jets|
|Defunct||California/Oakland (Golden) Seals · Cleveland Barons · Hamilton Tigers (NHL) · Montreal Maroons · Montreal Wanderers · New York/Brooklyn Americans · Ottawa Senators (original) · Philadelphia Quakers · Pittsburgh Pirates · Quebec Bulldogs · St. Louis Eagles|
|Montreal Maroons Seasons|
|1924-25 • 1925-26 • 1926-27 • 1927-28 • 1928-29 • 1929-30 • 1930-31 • 1931-32 • 1932-33 • 1933-34 • 1934-35 • 1935-36 • 1936-37 • 1937-38|
|National Hockey League|