The Hockey Hall of Fame.

The Hockey Hall of Fame was established in 1943 and is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is a hall of fame and museum dedicated to the history of ice hockey. Originally, there were two categories for induction, players and builders, and in 1961, a third category for on-ice officials was introduced. In 2010, a subcategory was established for female players.[1] In 1988, a "veteran player category" was established in order to "provide a vehicle for players who may have been overlooked and whose chances for election would be limited when placed on the same ballot with contemporary players."[2] Eleven players were inducted into the category, but in 2000 the board of directors eliminated it and those inductees are now considered to be in the player category.[2]

For a person to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame, they must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee which consists of Hockey Hall of Fame members and media personalities. Each committee member is allowed to nominate one person in each category per year, and candidates must receive the support of 75% of the members of the committee that are present, or a minimum of ten votes. In any given year, there can be a maximum of four male players, two female players, and a combined two in the builders and on-ice officials categories. For a player, referee, or linesman to be nominated, the person must have been retired for a minimum three years. Builders may be "active or inactive".[3] The induction ceremony is held at the current Hall of Fame building[2] and was first broadcast by The Sports Network in 1994.[4]

The Hockey Hall of Fame also displays "Media honourees", who have been awarded the "Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award," which is awarded by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association to "distinguished members of the newspaper profession whose words have brought honour to journalism and to hockey",[5] or the "Foster Hewitt Memorial Award," which is awarded by the NHL Broadcasters' Association to "members of the radio and television industry who made outstanding contributions to their profession and the game during their career in hockey broadcasting."[6] However, the media honourees are not considered full inductees, and are not included in this list. The winners are announced and honoured at different times than the other honourees.[7] Some of the award winners have been inducted into the Hall of Fame as builders, including Foster Hewitt.[8]

As of 2009, there are 244 players, 98 builders and 15 on-ice officials in the Hall of Fame. Thirteen of the honourees have been inducted posthumously.[2]

Members[edit | edit source]

Players[edit | edit source]

Georges Vezina, inducted in 1945.

Lester Patrick, inducted in 1947.

Cyclone Taylor, inducted in 1947.

Newsy Lalonde, inducted in 1950.

Maurice Richard, inducted in 1961.

Syl Apps, inducted in 1961.

Charlie Conacher, inducted in 1961.

Didier Pitre, inducted in 1962.

Nels Stewart, inducted in 1962.

Yvan Cournoyer, inducted in 1982.

Darryl Sittler, inducted in 1989.

Billy Smith, inducted in 1993.

Larry Robinson, inducted in 1995.

Borje Salming, inducted in 1996.

Mario Lemieux, inducted in 1997.

Bryan Trottier, inducted in 1997.

Michel Goulet, inducted in 1998.

Wayne Gretzky, inducted in 1999.

Paul Coffey, inducted in 2004.

Patrick Roy, inducted in 2006.

Mark Messier, inducted in 2007.

Glenn Anderson, inducted in 2008.

Igor Larionov, inducted in 2008.

Brian Leetch, inducted in 2009.

The Player category has been in existence since the beginning of the Hall of Fame and the first players were inducted in 1945. Since then, 238 players have been inducted. For a person to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame as a player, they must have been retired for a minimum of three years and must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee.[3] The waiting period was waived for ten players deemed exceptionally notable: Dit Clapper (1947), Maurice Richard (1961), Ted Lindsay (1966), Red Kelly (1969), Terry Sawchuk (1971), Jean Beliveau (1972), Gordie Howe (1972), Bobby Orr (1979), Mario Lemieux (1997) and Wayne Gretzky (1999).[9] Following Wayne Gretzky's retirement, it was announced that the waiting period would no longer be waived for any player except under "certain humanitarian circumstances".[2]

As of 2010, a maximum of four players can be inducted in one year but the greatest number of players ever inducted in a year was 27, in 1962. They were inducted because the Hall of Fame was trying to induct many pre-NHL era players.[10] 221 of the player inductees are Canadian-born, while only 10 European-born players have been inducted.[2] The NHL team with the most player inductees is the Toronto Maple Leafs, with 56. Seventy-six defencemen are in the Hall of Fame, more than any other current position, while only 35 goaltenders have been inducted.[2]

In 1988, a "veteran player category" was established in order to "provide a vehicle for players who may have been overlooked and whose chances for election would be limited when placed on the same ballot with contemporary players."[2] Eleven players were inducted into the category, but in 2000, the board of directors eliminated it, and now those inductees are considered to be in the player category.[2]

Positions key
C Centre LW Left Wing D Defence RW Right Wing G Goaltender R Rover F Forward
Year Name Position
1945 Bain, DanDan Bain C
1945 Baker, HobeyHobey Baker F
1945 Bowie, RussellRussell Bowie C-R
1945 Gardiner, CharlieCharlie Gardiner G
1945 Gerard, EddieEddie Gerard D-LW
1945 McGee, FrankFrank McGee C-R
1945 Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz C
1945 Phillips, TommyTommy Phillips LW/RW
1945 Pulford, HarveyHarvey Pulford D
1945 Ross, ArtArt Ross D
1945 Stuart, HodHod Stuart D
1945 Vezina, GeorgesGeorges Vezina G
1947 Clapper, DitDit Clapper D-RW
1947 Joliat, AurelAurel Joliat LW/RW
1947 Nighbor, FrankFrank Nighbor C
1947 Patrick, LesterLester Patrick D-G-R
1947 Shore, EddieEddie Shore D
1947 Taylor, CycloneCyclone Taylor C-D-R
1950 Davidson, ScottyScotty Davidson RW
1950 Drinkwater, GrahamGraham Drinkwater D
1950 Grant, MikeMike Grant D
1950 Griffis, SilasSilas Griffis D-R
1950 Lalonde, NewsyNewsy Lalonde D-R
1950 Malone, JoeJoe Malone C
1950 Richardson, GeorgeGeorge Richardson D
1950 Trihey, HarryHarry Trihey C-R
1952 Boon, DickieDickie Boon D
1952 Cook, BillBill Cook RW
1952 Goheen, MooseMoose Goheen D-LW
1952 Johnson, MooseMoose Johnson D
1952 MacKay, MickeyMickey MacKay C-R
1958 Boucher, FrankFrank Boucher C
1958 Clancy, KingKing Clancy D
1958 Cleghorn, SpragueSprague Cleghorn D
1958 Connell, AlecAlec Connell G
1958 Dutton, RedRed Dutton D
1958 Foyston, FrankFrank Foyston C
1958 Fredrickson, FrankFrank Fredrickson C
1958 Gardiner, HerbHerb Gardiner D
1958 Hay, GeorgeGeorge Hay LW
1958 Irvin, DickDick Irvin C
1958 Johnson, ChingChing Johnson D
1958 Keats, DukeDuke Keats C
1958 Lehman, HughieHughie Lehman G
1958 McNamara, GeorgeGeorge McNamara D
1958 Moran, PaddyPaddy Moran G
1959 Adams, JackJack Adams C
1959 Denneny, CyCy Denneny LW
1959 Thompson, TinyTiny Thompson G
1960 Boucher, BuckBuck Boucher D
1960 Mantha, SylvioSylvio Mantha D
1960 Walker, JackJack Walker C-LW-R
1961 Apps, SylSyl Apps C
1961 Conacher, CharlieCharlie Conacher RW
1961 Day, HapHap Day D
1961 Hainsworth, GeorgeGeorge Hainsworth G
1961 Hall, JoeJoe Hall D
1961 LeSueur, PercyPercy LeSueur G-RW
1961 Rankin, FrankFrank Rankin R
1961 Richard, MauriceMaurice Richard RW
1961 Schmidt, MiltMilt Schmidt C
1961 Seibert, OliverOliver Seibert G
1961 Stuart, BruceBruce Stuart R
1962 Broadbent, PunchPunch Broadbent RW
1962 Cameron, HarryHarry Cameron D
1962 Crawford, RustyRusty Crawford C-LW
1962 Darragh, JackJack Darragh RW
1962 Gardner, JimmyJimmy Gardner LW
1962 Gilmour, BillyBilly Gilmour RW
1962 Green, ShortyShorty Green F
1962 Hern, RileyRiley Hern G
1962 Hooper, TomTom Hooper F
1962 Hutton, BouseBouse Hutton G
1962 Hyland, HarryHarry Hyland RW
1962 Laviolette, JackJack Laviolette D-LW
1962 Maxwell, SteamerSteamer Maxwell R
1962 McGimsie, BillyBilly McGimsie C
1962 Noble, RegReg Noble C-D-LW
1962 Pitre, DidierDidier Pitre D-R-RW
1962 Ruttan, JackJack Ruttan D
1962 Schriner, SweeneySweeney Schriner LW
1962 Simpson, Bullet JoeBullet Joe Simpson D
1962 Smith, AlfAlf Smith RW
1962 Stanley, BarneyBarney Stanley D-RW
1962 Stewart, NelsNels Stewart C
1962 Walsh, MartyMarty Walsh C
1962 Watson, Harry E.Harry E. Watson C
1962 Westwick, RatRat Westwick G-R
1962 Whitcroft, FrederickFrederick Whitcroft R
1962 Wilson, PhatPhat Wilson D
1963 Goodfellow, EbbieEbbie Goodfellow C-D
1963 Primeau, JoeJoe Primeau C
1963 Seibert, EarlEarl Seibert D
1964 Bentley, DougDoug Bentley LW
1964 Durnan, BillBill Durnan G
1964 Siebert, BabeBabe Siebert D-LW
1964 Stewart, Black JackBlack Jack Stewart D
1965 Barry, MartyMarty Barry C
1965 Benedict, ClintClint Benedict G
1965 Farrell, ArthurArthur Farrell F
1965 Horner, RedRed Horner D
1965 Howe, SydSyd Howe D-LW
1965 Marshall, JackJack Marshall C-D
1965 Mosienko, BillBill Mosienko RW
1965 Russel, BlairBlair Russel C-RW
1965 Russell, ErnieErnie Russell C-R
1965 Scanlan, FredFred Scanlan F
1966 Bentley, MaxMax Bentley C
1966 Blake, ToeToe Blake LW
1966 Bouchard, EmileEmile Bouchard D
1966 Brimsek, FrankFrank Brimsek G
1966 Kennedy, TedTed Kennedy C
1966 Lach, ElmerElmer Lach C
1966 Lindsay, TedTed Lindsay LW
1966 Pratt, BabeBabe Pratt D
1966 Reardon, KenKen Reardon D
1967 Broda, TurkTurk Broda G
1967 Colville, NeilNeil Colville D
1967 Oliver, HarryHarry Oliver C
1968 Cowley, BillBill Cowley C
1969 Abel, SidSid Abel C-LW
1969 Hextall, BryanBryan Hextall RW
1969 Kelly, RedRed Kelly C-D
1969 Worters, RoyRoy Worters G
1970 Dye, BabeBabe Dye RW
1970 Gadsby, BillBill Gadsby D
1970 Johnson, TomTom Johnson D
1971 Jackson, BusherBusher Jackson LW
1971 Roberts, GordonGordon Roberts LW
1971 Sawchuk, TerryTerry Sawchuk G
1971 Weiland, CooneyCooney Weiland C
1972 Beliveau, JeanJean Beliveau C
1972 Geoffrion, BernieBernie Geoffrion RW
1972 Holmes, HapHap Holmes G
1972 Howe, GordieGordie Howe RW
1972 Smith, HooleyHooley Smith C-D-RW
1973 Harvey, DougDoug Harvey D
1973 Rayner, ChuckChuck Rayner G
1973 Smith, TommyTommy Smith C-R-LW
1974 Burch, BillyBilly Burch C-D
1974 Coulter, ArtArt Coulter D
1974 Dunderdale, TommyTommy Dunderdale C
1974 Moore, DickieDickie Moore RW
1975 Armstrong, GeorgeGeorge Armstrong RW
1975 Bailey, AceAce Bailey LW
1975 Drillon, GordieGordie Drillon RW
1975 Hall, GlennGlenn Hall G
1975 Pilote, PierrePierre Pilote D
1976 Bower, JohnnyJohnny Bower G
1976 Quackenbush, BillBill Quackenbush D
1977 Delvecchio, AlexAlex Delvecchio C-LW
1977 Horton, TimTim Horton D
1978 Bathgate, AndyAndy Bathgate RW
1978 Plante, JacquesJacques Plante G
1978 Pronovost, MarcelMarcel Pronovost D
1979 Howell, HarryHarry Howell D
1979 Orr, BobbyBobby Orr D
1979 Richard, HenriHenri Richard C
1980 Lumley, HarryHarry Lumley G
1980 Patrick, LynnLynn Patrick C-LW
1980 Worsley, GumpGump Worsley G
1981 Bucyk, JohnnyJohnny Bucyk LW
1981 Mahovlich, FrankFrank Mahovlich LW
1981 Stanley, AllanAllan Stanley D
1982 Cournoyer, YvanYvan Cournoyer RW
1982 Gilbert, RodRod Gilbert RW
1982 Ullman, NormNorm Ullman C
1983 Dryden, KenKen Dryden G
1983 Hull, BobbyBobby Hull LW
1983 Mikita, StanStan Mikita C
1984 Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito C
1984 Lemaire, JacquesJacques Lemaire C
1984 Parent, BernieBernie Parent G
1985 Cheevers, GerryGerry Cheevers G
1985 Olmstead, BertBert Olmstead LW
1985 Ratelle, JeanJean Ratelle C
1986 Boivin, LeoLeo Boivin D
1986 Keon, DaveDave Keon C
1986 Savard, SergeSerge Savard D
1987 Clarke, BobbyBobby Clarke C
1987 Giacomin, EddieEddie Giacomin G
1987 Laperriere, JacquesJacques Laperriere D
1988 Esposito, TonyTony Esposito G
1988 Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur RW
1988 O'Connor, BuddyBuddy O'Connor C
1988 Park, BradBrad Park D
1989 Lewis, HerbieHerbie Lewis LW
1989 Sittler, DarrylDarryl Sittler C
1989 Tretiak, VladislavVladislav Tretiak G
1990 Barber, BillBill Barber LW
1990 Flaman, FernieFernie Flaman D
1990 Perreault, GilbertGilbert Perreault C
1991 Bossy, MikeMike Bossy RW
1991 Potvin, DenisDenis Potvin D
1991 Pulford, BobBob Pulford C-LW
1991 Smith, ClintClint Smith C
1992 Dionne, MarcelMarcel Dionne C
1992 Dumart, WoodyWoody Dumart LW
1992 Gainey, BobBob Gainey LW
1992 McDonald, LannyLanny McDonald RW
1993 Lapointe, GuyGuy Lapointe D
1993 Laprade, EdgarEdgar Laprade C
1993 Shutt, SteveSteve Shutt LW
1993 Smith, BillyBilly Smith G
1994 Conacher, LionelLionel Conacher D
1994 Watson, Harry P.Harry P. Watson LW
1995 Cook, BunBun Cook LW
1995 Robinson, LarryLarry Robinson D
1996 Bauer, BobbyBobby Bauer RW
1996 Salming, BorjeBorje Salming D
1997 Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux C
1997 Trottier, BryanBryan Trottier C
1998 Conacher, RoyRoy Conacher LW
1998 Goulet, MichelMichel Goulet LW
1998 Stastny, PeterPeter Stastny C
1999 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky C
2000 Mullen, JoeJoe Mullen RW
2000 Savard, DenisDenis Savard C
2001 Fetisov, ViacheslavViacheslav Fetisov D
2001 Gartner, MikeMike Gartner RW
2001 Hawerchuk, DaleDale Hawerchuk C
2001 Kurri, JariJari Kurri RW
2002 Federko, BernieBernie Federko C
2002 Gillies, ClarkClark Gillies LW
2002 Langway, RodRod Langway D
2003 Fuhr, GrantGrant Fuhr G
2003 LaFontaine, PatPat LaFontaine C
2004 Bourque, RayRay Bourque D
2004 Coffey, PaulPaul Coffey D
2004 Murphy, LarryLarry Murphy D
2005 Kharlamov, ValeriValeri Kharlamov LW
2005 Neely, CamCam Neely RW
2006 Duff, DickDick Duff LW
2006 Roy, PatrickPatrick Roy G
2007 Messier, MarkMark Messier C
2007 MacInnis, AlAl MacInnis D
2007 Stevens, ScottScott Stevens D
2007 Francis, RonRon Francis C
2008 Anderson, GlennGlenn Anderson RW
2008 Larionov, IgorIgor Larionov C
2009 Hull, BrettBrett Hull RW
2009 Leetch, BrianBrian Leetch D
2009 Robitaille, LucLuc Robitaille LW
2009 Yzerman, SteveSteve Yzerman C

^ * Indicates that the three-year waiting period was waived for a player who was deemed to be especially notable.
^ A. Player was inducted into the Veteran Player category. In 2000, it was merged with the Player category.

Builders[edit | edit source]

Lord Stanley, inducted in 1945.

H. Montagu Allan, inducted in 1945.

Frank Patrick, inducted in 1958.

Clarence Campbell, inducted in 1966.

Father David Bauer, inducted in 1989.

Scotty Bowman, inducted in 1991.

Glen Sather, inducted in 1997.

The Builder category has been in existence since the beginning of the Hall of Fame and the first builders were inducted in 1945. A builder is a person who has contributed to the development of the game of hockey, and as the name refers, one who has built the game forward. Since then, 98 builders have been inducted. For a person to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame as a builder, they may be "active or inactive" and must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee. As of 2007, a maximum of two builders can be inducted in one year.[3]

Year Name
1945 Allan, H. MontaguH. Montagu Allan
1945 Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, FrederickFrederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby
1947 Calder, FrankFrank Calder
1947 Hewitt, W. A.W. A. Hewitt
1947 Nelson, FrancisFrancis Nelson
1947 Northey, WilliamWilliam Northey
1947 Robertson, John RossJohn Ross Robertson
1947 Robinson, Claude C.Claude C. Robinson
1947 Sutherland, James T.James T. Sutherland
1958 Dudley, GeorgeGeorge Dudley
1958 Norris, James E.James E. Norris
1958 Patrick, FrankFrank Patrick
1958 Pickard, AllanAllan Pickard
1958 Raymond, DonatDonat Raymond
1958 Smythe, ConnConn Smythe
1958 Turner, LloydLloyd Turner
1960 Adams, CharlesCharles Adams
1960 Kilpatrick, JohnJohn Kilpatrick
1960 Selke, Frank J.Frank J. Selke
1961 Brown, George V.George V. Brown
1961 Loicq, PaulPaul Loicq
1961 Waghorne, FredFred Waghorne
1962 Ahearn, FrankFrank Ahearn
1962 Brown, Walter A.Walter A. Brown
1962 Hume, FrederickFrederick Hume
1962 Norris, James D.James D. Norris
1962 O'Brien, AmbroseAmbrose O'Brien
1962 Smith, FrankFrank Smith
1963 Dandurand, LeoLeo Dandurand
1963 Gorman, TommyTommy Gorman
1963 McLaughlin, FredericFrederic McLaughlin
1964 Campbell, AngusAngus Campbell
1964 Dilio, FrankFrank Dilio
1965 Hewitt, FosterFoster Hewitt
1965 Lockhart, TommyTommy Lockhart
1966 Campbell, ClarenceClarence Campbell
1968 Dunn, JamesJames Dunn
1968 Hendy, JimJim Hendy
1969 Leader, AlAl Leader
1969 Norris, BruceBruce Norris
1970 Lebel, RobertRobert Lebel
1971 Wirtz, ArthurArthur Wirtz
1972 Adams, WestonWeston Adams
1973 Molson, HartlandHartland Molson
1974 Hay, CharlesCharles Hay
1974 Ivan, TommyTommy Ivan
1974 Tarasov, AnatoliAnatoli Tarasov
1974 Voss, CarlCarl Voss
1975 Buckland, FrankFrank Buckland
1975 Jennings, William M.William M. Jennings
1976 Gibson, JackJack Gibson
1976 Ross, Philip DanskenPhilip Dansken Ross
1976 Wirtz, BillBill Wirtz
1977 Ahearne, BunnyBunny Ahearne
1977 Ballard, HaroldHarold Ballard
1977 Cattarinich, JosephJoseph Cattarinich
1978 Bickell, J. P.J. P. Bickell
1978 Pollock, SamSam Pollock
1978 Tutt, William ThayerWilliam Thayer Tutt
1979 Juckes, GordonGordon Juckes
1980 Butterfield, JackJack Butterfield
1982 Francis, EmileEmile Francis
1983 Sinden, HarryHarry Sinden
1984 Imlach, PunchPunch Imlach
1984 Milford, JakeJake Milford
1985 Mariucci, JohnJohn Mariucci
1985 Pilous, RudyRudy Pilous
1986 Hanley, BillBill Hanley
1987 Ziegler, JohnJohn Ziegler
1988 Snider, EdEd Snider
1989 Bauer, DavidFather David Bauer
1990 Poile, BudBud Poile
1991 Bowman, ScottyScotty Bowman
1992 Allen, KeithKeith Allen
1992 Johnson, BobBob Johnson
1992 Mathers, FrankFrank Mathers
1993 Griffiths, FrankFrank Griffiths
1993 Knox, SeymourSeymour Knox
1993 Page, FredFred Page
1994 O'Neill, BrianBrian O'Neill
1995 Sabetzki, GuntherGunther Sabetzki
1995 Torrey, BillBill Torrey
1996 Arbour, AlAl Arbour
1997 Sather, GlenGlen Sather
1998 Murray, AtholAthol Murray
1999 Morrison, ScottyScotty Morrison
2000 Bush, WalterWalter Bush
2001 Patrick, CraigCraig Patrick
2002 Neilson, RogerRoger Neilson
2003 Ilitch, MikeMike Ilitch
2003 Kilrea, BrianBrian Kilrea
2004 Fletcher, CliffCliff Fletcher
2005 Costello, MurrayMurray Costello
2006 Hotchkiss, HarleyHarley Hotchkiss
2006 Brooks, HerbHerb Brooks
2007 Gregory, JimJim Gregory
2008 Chynoweth, EdEd Chynoweth
2009 Lamoriello, LouLou Lamoriello

Former members[edit | edit source]

On March 30, 1993, it was announced that Gil Stein, who at the time was the president of the National Hockey League, had been inducted into the Hall of Fame. There were immediate allegations that he had engineered his election through manipulation of the hall's board of directors and by telling them to change the rules for selection. Two lawyers, hired by the league to lead an investigation, recommended that Stein's selection be overturned, although it was soon revealed that Stein had previously decided to turn down the induction.[11]

In 1989, Alan Eagleson was inducted as a builder, but he would resign from the Hall in 1998 after pleading guilty of mail fraud and embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars.[12] His resignation came shortly before a vote was held to expel him.[13]

On-ice officials[edit | edit source]

Ray Scapinello, inducted in 2008.

The On-ice official category has been in existence since 1961 and since then fourteen have been inducted. For an official to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame, they must be retired for a minimum of three years and must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee. As of 2007, a maximum of one on-ice official can be inducted in one year.[3]

Year Name
1961 Elliott, ChaucerChaucer Elliott
1961 Ion, MickeyMickey Ion
1961 Smeaton, CooperCooper Smeaton
1962 Rodden, MikeMike Rodden
1963 Hewitson, BobbyBobby Hewitson
1964 Chadwick, BillBill Chadwick
1967 Storey, RedRed Storey
1973 Udvari, FrankFrank Udvari
1981 Ashley, JohnJohn Ashley
1987 Pavelich, MattMatt Pavelich
1988 Hayes, GeorgeGeorge Hayes
1991 Armstrong, NeilNeil Armstrong
1993 D'Amico, JohnJohn D'Amico
1999 Van Hellemond, AndyAndy Van Hellemond
2008 Scapinello, RayRay Scapinello

2010 inductees[edit | edit source]

The 2010 inductees were announced on June 22, 2010, and they will be inducted on November 8. Angela James and Cammi Granato are the first women to be inducted into the Hall of Fame.[14]

Name Category
Dino Ciccarelli Player
Angela James Player
Cammi Granato Player
Jim Devellano Builder
Daryl Seaman Builder

References[edit | edit source]

  1. McGran, Kevin (2010-06-20). Will a female finally be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame?. Toronto Star. Retrieved on 2010-06-22.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Induction facts & figures. Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Summary of Election Procedures. Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  4. (2003) Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame. Canada: Fenn Publishing, 194. ISBN 1-55168-239-7. 
  5. Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award winners. Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  6. Foster Hewitt Memorial Award winners. Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  7. Hockey Hall of Fame Announces Legends Classic Tour 2005 Featuring Canada Vs. Russia. Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame (September 7, 2005). Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  8. Foster Hewitt. Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  9. Committee Approves Waiver for Gretzky. New York Times (1999-04-30). Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  10. (2003) Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame. Canada: Fenn Publishing, 52. ISBN 1-55168-239-7. 
  11. Lapointe, Joe (1993-08-19). Stein Is Scratched as N.H.L. Immortal. New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-01-10.
  12. (2003) Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame. Canada: Fenn Publishing, 167. ISBN 1-55168-239-7. 
  13. Lapointe, Joe (1998-03-26). Eagleson Resigns Under Pressure. New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-01-10.
  14. Granato, James first women elected to Hockey Hall. Sports Illustrated (2010-06-22). Retrieved on 2010-06-22.

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