This is a list of black National Hockey League players.

List[edit | edit source]

Players with at least one game of NHL experience:

Names in italics have won the Stanley Cup.
Bold: organization by which player is currently employed
*: Yet to have played an NHL game for their respective team

 = NHL All-Star [1] ·  = NHL All-Star [1] and NHL All-Star Team ·  = Hall of Famers


Black NHL players
Nat. Name Birthplace Pos Seasons Teams Played Ethnicity Ref
Flag of Canada Aliu, AkimAkim Aliu Okene, Nigeria RW 2011–2013 CGY Nigerian-Ukrainian [2]
Flag of Canada Archibald, DarrenDarren Archibald Newmarket, ON RW 2013–present VAN, OTT Afro-Canadian [3]
Flag of the United States Bailey, JustinJustin Bailey Buffalo, NY RW 2015–present BUF, PHI, VAN Bi-racial
Flag of Canada Banks, DarrenDarren Banks Toronto, ON LW 1992–1994 BOS [4] [5]
Flag of Canada Baptiste, NicholasNicholas Baptiste Ottawa, ON RW 2016–present BUF, TOR* Haitian
Flag of Canada Beckford-Tseu, ChrisChris Beckford-Tseu Toronto, ON G 2007–2008 STL Jamaican-Chinese[6] [7]
Flag of Canada Belle, ShawnShawn Belle Edmonton, AB D 2006–2011 MIN, MTL, EDM, COL [8] [9]
Flag of France Bellemare, Pierre-EdouardPierre-Edouard Bellemare Le Blanc-Mesnil, France LW 2014–present PHI, VGK, COL Bi-racial, Martiniquais[10] [11]
Flag of Canada Bissonnette, PaulPaul Bissonnette Welland, ON LW 2008–2014 PIT, PHX Bi-racial, his mother is half-black[12][13] [14]
Flag of the United States Bouillon, FrancisFrancis Bouillon New York City, NY D 1999–2014 MTL, NSH Haitian-French[15] [16]
Flag of Canada Bowey, MadisonMadison Bowey

|| Winnipeg, MB || D || 2017–present || WSH, DET || Bi-racial ||

Flag of the United States Brashear, DonaldDonald Brashear Bedford, IN LW 1993–2010 MTL, VAN, PHI, WSH, NYR African-French[17] [18]
Flag of Canada Brathwaite, FredFred Brathwaite Ottawa, ON G 1993–2004 EDM, CGY, STL, CBJ Barbadian[17] [19]
Flag of the United States Brown, J. T.J. T. Brown Burnsville, MN RW 2011–present TBL, ANA, MIN Bi-racial [20][21]
Flag of Canada Brown, SeanSean Brown Oshawa, ON D 1996–2006 EDM, BOS, NJD, VAN [17] [22]
Flag of the United States Byfuglien, DustinDustin Byfuglien

|| Roseau, MN || D || 2005–present || CHI, ATL, WPG || African-Norwegian-Swedish[23] || [24]

Flag of Canada Carter, AnsonAnson Carter Toronto, ON RW 1996–2007 BOS, WSH, EDM, NYR, LAK, CAR, VAN, CBJ Barbadian[17] [25]
Flag of the United States Coleman, GeraldGerald Coleman Romeoville, IL G 2005–2006 TBL [26] Bi-racial [27]
Flag of Canada Craighead, JohnJohn Craighead Vancouver, BC RW 1996–1997 TOR [4] [28]
Flag of Canada Craigwell, DaleDale Craigwell Toronto, ON C 1991–1994 SJS [4] [29]
Flag of Canada Daley, TrevorTrevor Daley

|| Toronto, ON || D || 2003–present || DAL, CHI, PIT, DET || Bi-racial, Jamaican || [30]

Flag of Canada / Flag of Kazakhstan Dawes, NigelNigel Dawes Winnipeg, MB LW 2006–2011 NYR, PHX, CGY, ATL, MTL Bi-racial, Jamaican[31] [32]
Flag of Canada Deveaux, AndreAndre Deveaux Freeport, Bahamas C 2008–2012 TOR, NYR Bi-racial, Bahamian
Flag of Canada Doig, JasonJason Doig Montreal, QC D 1995–2004 WIN, PHX, NYR, WSH Jamaican[17] [33]
Flag of Canada Duclair, AnthonyAnthony Duclair Pointe-Claire, QC LW 2014–present NYR, ARI, CHI, CBJ, OTT Haitian[34] [35]
Flag of the United States Earl, RobbieRobbie Earl Chicago, IL LW 2007–2011 TOR, MIN African American [36]
Flag of Canada Emery, RayRay Emery

|| Hamilton, ON || G || 2002–2015 || OTT, PHI, ANA, CHI || Bi-racial || [37]

Flag of the United States Etem, EmersonEmerson Etem Long Beach, CA RW 2012–2018 ANA, NYR, VAN Bi-racial [38]
Flag of Canada Fletcher, StevenSteven Fletcher Montreal, QC LW/D 1987–1989 MTL, WIN [39] Bi-racial [40]
Flag of Canada Fortunus, MaximeMaxime Fortunus Longueuil, QC D 2009–2014 DAL Haitian [41]
Flag of Canada Fraser, MarkMark Fraser Ottawa, ON D 2006–2017 NJD, TOR, EDM Bi-racial, Jamaican[42] [43]
Flag of Canada Fuhr, GrantGrant Fuhr

|| Spruce Grove, AB || G || 1981–2000 || EDM, TOR, BUF, LAK, STL, CGY || Bi-racial || [44]

Flag of Canada Gage, JoaquinJoaquin Gage Vancouver, BC G 1994–2001 EDM [4] [45]
Flag of Canada Garner, TyroneTyrone Garner Stoney Creek, ON G 1998–1999 CGY [46] [47]
Flag of Finland Gibson, ChristopherChristopher Gibson Karkkila, Finland G 2015–present NYI Saint Lucian-Finnish
Flag of Canada Goulbourne, TyrellTyrell Goulbourne Edmonton, AB LW 2017–present PHI, VGK* Bi-racial, Jamaican
Flag of Canada Graham, DirkDirk Graham Regina, SK RW 1983–1995 MNS, CHI Bi-racial, Afro-Canadian [48]
Flag of Canada Grand-Pierre, Jean-LucJean-Luc Grand-Pierre Montreal, QC D 1998–2004 BUF, CBJ, WSH, ATL Haitian[17] [49]
Flag of the United States Greenway, JordanJordan Greenway Canton, NY LW 2017–present MIN Bi-racial
Flag of the United States Grier, MikeMike Grier Detroit, MI RW 1996–2011 EDM, WSH, SJS, BUF African American [50]
Flag of Canada Ho-Sang, JoshJosh Ho-Sang Toronto, ON RW 2016–present NYI Jamaican-Jewish
Flag of Canada Iginla, JaromeJarome Iginla Edmonton, AB RW 1995–2017 CGY, PIT, BOS, COL, LAK Bi-racial, Nigerian[17][26] [51]
Flag of the United States James, ValVal James Ocala, FL LW 1981–1987 BUF, TOR African American [52]
Flag of Canada Jerrard, PaulPaul Jerrard Winnipeg, MB D 1988–1989 MNS Bi-racial, Jamaican[53] [54]
Flag of Canada Johnson, BrianBrian Johnson Montreal, QC RW 1983–1984 DET [55] [56]
Flag of the United States Johnson, JustinJustin Johnson Anchorage, AK RW 2013–2014 NYI [57]
Flag of the United States Jones, CalebCaleb Jones Arlington, TX D 2018–present EDM Bi-racial
Flag of the United States Jones, SethSeth Jones Arlington, TX D 2013–present NSH, CBJ Bi-racial
Flag of Canada Joseph, MathieuMathieu Joseph Chambly, QC RW 2018–present TBL
Flag of Canada Joslin, DerekDerek Joslin Richmond Hill, ON D 2008–2013 SJS, CAR, VAN Bi-racial [58]
Flag of Canada Kane, EvanderEvander Kane Vancouver, BC LW 2009–present ATL, WPG, BUF, SJS Bi-racial [59]
Flag of Canada Kolesar, KeeganKeegan Kolesar Brandon, MB RW 2019–present VGK Bi-racial
Flag of Sweden Kylington, OliverOliver Kylington Stockholm, Sweden D 2015–present CGY Swedish-Eritrean [60]
Flag of Canada LaFayette, NathanNathan LaFayette New Westminster, BC C 1993–1999 STL, VAN, NYR, LAK [61] [62]
Flag of Canada Laraque, GeorgesGeorges Laraque Montreal, QC RW 1997–2010 EDM, PIT, PHX, MTL Haitian[17] [63]
Flag of Canada Lowe, DarrenDarren Lowe Toronto, ON RW 1983–1984 PIT Afro-Canadian[64] [65]
Flag of Canada Marson, MikeMike Marson Scarborough, ON LW 1974–1980 WSH, LAK [66] [67]
Flag of Canada Martin, CraigCraig Martin Amherst, NS RW 1994–1997 WIN, FLA Afro-Canadian[4] [68]
Flag of Norway Martinsen, AndreasAndreas Martinsen Bærum, Norway LW 2015–present COL, MTL, CHI Indian/Ugandan-Norwegian [69]
Flag of the United States Mauldin, GregGreg Mauldin Holliston, MA C 2003–2011 CBJ, NYI, COL African American[70] [71]
Flag of Canada Mayers, JamalJamal Mayers

|| Toronto, ON || RW || 1996–2013 || STL, TOR, CGY, SJS, CHI || Bi-racial, Barbadian[72] || [73]

Flag of Canada McArdle, KenndalKenndal McArdle Toronto, ON LW 2008–2012 FLA, WPG Trinidadian[74] [75]
Flag of Canada McCarthy, SandySandy McCarthy Toronto, ON RW 1993–2004 CGY, TBL, PHI, CAR, NYR, BOS Black-Mi'kmaq[76] [77]
Flag of the United States McHugh, MikeMike McHugh Bowdoin, ME LW 1988–1992 MNS, SJS [39] [78]
Flag of Canada McKegney, TonyTony McKegney Montreal, QC LW 1978–1991 BUF, QUE, MNS, NYR, STL, DET, CHI Bi-racial, Nigerian [79]
Flag of Canada McMorrow, SeanSean McMorrow Vancouver, BC LW 2002–2003 BUF [80] [81]
Flag of Canada Ndur, RumunRumun Ndur Zaria, Nigeria D 1996–2000 BUF, NYR, ATL Nigerian[4] [82]
Flag of Canada Neufeld, RayRay Neufeld St. Boniface, MB RW 1979–1990 HAR, WIN, BOS [66] [83]
Flag of Canada Nurse, DarnellDarnell Nurse Hamilton, ON D 2014–present EDM Bi-racial, Trinidadian [84]
Flag of Sweden Oduya, JohnnyJohnny Oduya

|| Stockholm, Sweden || D || 2006–2018 || NJD, ATL, WPG, CHI, DAL, OTT, PHI || Bi-racial, Kenyan[85] || [86]

Flag of the United States Okposo, KyleKyle Okposo St. Paul, MN RW 2007–present NYI, BUF Bi-racial, Nigerian[87] [88]
Flag of Canada OreeWillie O'Ree Fredericton, NB W 1957–1961 BOS Afro-Canadian [88]
Flag of Canada Peckham, TheoTheo Peckham Richmond Hill, ON D 2007–2013 EDM Bi-racial [89]
Flag of Canada Reaves, RyanRyan Reaves Winnipeg, MB RW 2010–present STL, PIT, VGK Bi-racial [90]
Flag of Canada Reddick, PokeyPokey Reddick

|| Halifax, NS || G || 1986–1994 || WIN, EDM, FLA || [66] || [91]

Flag of Canada Riley, BillBill Riley Amherst, NS RW 1974–1980 WSH, WIN Afro-Canadian[66] [92]
Flag of Canada Robinson, NathanNathan Robinson Scarborough, ON C 2003–2006 DET, BOS [93]
Flag of Canada Salvador, BryceBryce Salvador Brandon, MB D 2000–2015 STL, NJD Afro-Brazilian-Ukrainian[94] [95]
Flag of Canada Saunders, BernieBernie Saunders Montreal, QC LW 1979–1981 QUE [96] [97]
Flag of Canada Savage, ReggieReggie Savage Montreal, QC C 1990–1994 WSH, QUE Jamaican[98] [99]
Flag of the United States Suess, C. J.C. J. Suess Saint Paul, MN LW 2019–present WPG Bi-racial
Flag of Canada Simmonds, WayneWayne Simmonds Scarborough, ON RW 2008–present LAK, PHI, NSH, NJD, BUF [100] [101]
Flag of Canada Smith-Pelly, DevanteDevante Smith-Pelly

||Scarborough, ON || RW || 2011–present || ANA, MTL, NJD, WSH || || [102]

Flag of Canada Smith, GemelGemel Smith Toronto, ON C 2016–present DAL, BOS, TBL
Flag of Canada Smith, GivaniGivani Smith Toronto, ON RW 2019–present DET
Flag of Canada Stewart, AnthonyAnthony Stewart LaSalle, QC RW 2005–2012 FLA, ATL, CAR Bi-racial, Jamaican[26] [103]
Flag of Canada Stewart, ChrisChris Stewart Toronto, ON RW 2008–2018 COL, STL, BUF, MIN, ANA, CGY, PHI Bi-racial, Jamaican[31] [104]
Flag of Canada Subban, MalcolmMalcolm Subban Toronto, ON G 2014–present BOS, VGK, CHI* Jamaican-Montserratian [105]
Flag of Canada Subban, P. K.P. K. Subban Toronto, ON D 2009–present MTL, NSH, NJD Jamaican-Montserratian [106]
Flag of Canada Townshend, GraemeGraeme Townshend Kingston, Jamaica RW 1989–1994 BOS, NYI, OTT Jamaican[4] [107]
Flag of Canada Vilgrain, ClaudeClaude Vilgrain Port-au-Prince, Haiti RW 1987–1994 VAN, NJD, PHI Haitian[61] [108]
Flag of Canada Ward, JoelJoel Ward North York, ON RW 2006–2018 MIN, NSH, WSH, SJS Barbadian[109] [110]
Flag of Canada Weekes, KevinKevin Weekes Toronto, ON G 1997–2009 FLA, VAN, NYI, TBL, CAR, NYR, NJD Barbadian[17] [111]
Flag of Canada Worrell, PeterPeter Worrell Pierrefonds, QC LW 1997–2004 FLA, COL Barbadian[17] [112]

Number of black NHL players listed by NHL teams[edit | edit source]

Thirteen
Twelve
Eleven
Ten

Nine
Eight
Seven

Six
Five
Four

1 Previous NHL team with the same name
2 Changed its franchise name from the Phoenix Coyotes
3 An eighth player is with the Toronto Marlies of the AHL but has not played for the Maple Leafs yet

See also[edit | edit source]

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References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Players are identified as an All-Star if they were selected for the All-Star game at any time in their career.
  2. NHL Profile: Akim Aliu. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  3. NHL Profile: Darren Archibald. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Howard Richman. "Black hockey hero awaited; Sport searching for its own Tiger Woods; Who are they?[dead link]" Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. October 20, 1996. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  5. NHL Profile: Darren Banks. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  6. Matt Nevala. "Tiger on the prowl around the Aces' goal". Anchorage Daily News. November 29, 2005. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  7. NHL Profile: Chris Beckford-Tseu. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  8. "Belle: making steady progress ". Andrew's Dallas Stars Page. Retrieved on September 10, 2008.
  9. NHL Profile: Shawn Belle. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  10. The Frenchmen are coming
  11. NHL Profile: Pierre-Édouard Bellemare. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  12. You must specify title = and url = when using {{cite web}}.. Twitter (4 August 2011). Retrieved on 30 June 2017.
  13. Sauce Hockey. "
  14. NHL Profile: Paul Bissonnette. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  15. Stephanie Morin. "Le petit joueur au grand coeur". La Presse. December 16, 2006. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  16. NHL Profile: Francis Bouillon. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 17.8 17.9 "Black hockey players look to more Blacks for fan support". Jet. November 10, 2003. Retrieved on September 10, 2008.
  18. NHL Profile: Donald Brashear. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  19. NHL Profile: Fred Brathwaite. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  20. NHL Profile: J.T. Brown. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  21. "Former protester J.T. Brown claimed by Ducks", ESPN.com. 
  22. NHL Profile: Sean Brown. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  23. Tris Wykes. "Ice in his veins: Dustin Byfuglien". The Virginian-Pilot. December 28, 2005. Retrieved on September 10, 2008.
  24. NHL Profile: Dustin Byfuglien. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  25. NHL Profile: Anson Carter. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Jason Diamos."The N.H.L.'s Diversity Program Is Beginning to Pay Dividends". New York Times. November 13, 2005. Retrieved on September 10, 2008.
  27. NHL Profile: Gerald Coleman. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  28. NHL Profile: John Craighead. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  29. NHL Profile: Dale Craigwell. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  30. NHL Profile: Trevor Daley. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  31. 31.0 31.1 Cecil Harris. "Changing the Face of Hockey". New York Times. December 22, 2007. Retrieved on September 10, 2008.
  32. NHL Profile: Nigel Dawes. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  33. NHL Profile: Jason Doig. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  34. Anthony Duclair, Jesper Fast grab spotlight in Rangers victory
  35. NHL Profile: Anthony Duclair. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  36. NHL Profile: Robbie Earl. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  37. NHL Profile: Ray Emery. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  38. NHL Profile: Etem Emerson. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  39. 39.0 39.1 Blake Sebring. "Racial intolerance by Indy player, 'ignorant fans' disappoints Komets". The News-Sentinel. April 24, 1991. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  40. NHL Profile: Steven Fletcher. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  41. NHL Profile: Maxime Fortunus. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  42. Lynn Worthy. "His skin color is not even a concern. The only race Mark Fraser is worried about is the one that leads him permanently to...THE NHL". The Sun. March 23, 2007. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  43. NHL Profile: Mark Fraser. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  44. NHL Profile: Grant Fuhr. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 15 March 2016.
  45. NHL Profile: Joaquin Gage. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  46. Harris, Breaking the Ice, 145.
  47. NHL Profile: Tyrone Garner. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  48. NHL Profile: Dirk Graham. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  49. NHL Profile: Jean-Luc Grand-Pierre. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  50. NHL Profile: Michael Grier. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  51. NHL Profile: Jarome Iginla. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  52. Val James. NHL.com.
  53. Scott Burnside. "Some see Jerrard as 'black coach'; he just sees 'coach'". ESPN.com. March 1, 2007. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  54. NHL Profile: Paul Jerrard. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  55. Cecil Harris. Breaking the Ice. Insomniac Press, 2003. 178.
  56. NHL Profile: Brian Johnson. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  57. NHL Profile: Justin Johnson. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  58. NHL Profile: Derek Joslin. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 2 April 2016.
  59. NHL Profile: Evander Kane. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  60. Chris Stevenson. "Hockey League |accessdate=March 26th, 2015
  61. 61.0 61.1 Dave Luecking. "Blue's (Big) Ninth Round Pick is Son of Patriots Executive". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. June 27, 1993. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  62. NHL Profile: Nathan LaFayette. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  63. NHL Profile: Georges Laraque. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  64. Joe Starkey. "Penguins' Laraque's predecessor remains a pioneer ". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. March 4, 2007. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  65. NHL Profile: Darrin Lowe. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 16 March 2016.
  66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 66.3 "Soul on ice: blacks in the National Hockey League". Ebony. February 1989. Retrieved on September 10, 2008.
  67. NHL Profile: Mike Marson. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  68. NHL Profile: Craig Martin. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  69. Martinsen nekter å røpe hvilken NHL-klubb som vil ha ham.
  70. Joe Pelletier. "A History of Black Hockey". Greatest Hockey Legends. February 19, 2007. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
  71. NHL Profile: Greg Mauldin. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  72. NHL Recruits New Generation
  73. NHL Profile: Jamal Mayers. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  74. Canadian finds his inspiration
  75. NHL Profile: Kenndal McArdle. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  76. William C. Rhoden. "Hockey pioneer takes the sport to another level." New York Times. April 28, 1999. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  77. NHL Profile: Sandy McCarthy. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  78. NHL Profile: Michael McHugh. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  79. NHL Profile: Tony McKegney. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  80. "Can diversity save hockey?". City Newspaper. April 20, 2005. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  81. NHL Profile: Sean McMorrow. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  82. NHL Profile: Rumun Ndur. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  83. NHL Profile: Raymond Neufeld. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  84. NHL Profile: Darnell Nurse. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 17 March 2016.
  85. Chris Iorfida. "Willie O'Ree and the struggle for black NHLers". CBC.ca. January 16, 2007. Retrieved on September 10, 2008.
  86. NHL Profile: Johnny Oduya. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 21 March 2016.
  87. Dave Caldwell. "For Islanders, an Early Look at a Top Prospect". The New York Times. January 12, 2008. Retrieved on September 10, 2008.
  88. 88.0 88.1 NHL Profile: Kyle Okposo. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 21 March 2016.
  89. NHL Profile: Theo Peckham. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 21 March 2016.
  90. NHL Profile: Ryan Reaves. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 21 March 2016.
  91. NHL Profile: Eldon Reddick. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 21 March 2016.
  92. NHL Profile: James Riley. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 21 March 2016.
  93. NHL Profile: Nathan Robinson. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 21 March 2016.
  94. Wes Goldstein. "Hockey is for everyone: Message is clear, 50 years after O'Ree debut." CBSSports.com. January 17, 2008. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  95. NHL Profile: Bryce Salvador. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  96. Harris, Breaking the Ice, 150.
  97. NHL Profile: Bernie Saunders. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  98. Dan Saevig. "Toledo's Savage hasn't had easy career path ". ECHL.com. October 21, 2004. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  99. NHL Profile: Reginald Savage. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  100. Elliott, Helene. (2008, October 1). "NHL dream near reality for Kings' Wayne Simmonds", Los Angeles Times
    "Simmonds is accustomed to standing up for himself. Black players have not always had an easy time in this sport, and Simmonds said he heard racial taunts directed at him while he worked his way up through the youth hockey ranks and into major junior hockey in Canada."
  101. NHL Profile: Wayne Simmonds. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  102. NHL Profile: Devante Smith-Pelly. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  103. NHL Profile: Anthony Stewart. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  104. NHL Profile: Chris Stewart. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  105. NHL Profile: Malcolm Subban. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  106. NHL Profile: P.K. Subban. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  107. NHL Profile: Graeme Townshend. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  108. NHL Profile: Claude Vilgrain. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  109. Dave Shelles. "Viewpoint: Blacks thriving in hockey? Accept it." Quad City Times. February 9, 2008. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  110. NHL Profile: Joel Ward. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  111. NHL Profile: Kevin Weekes. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.
  112. NHL Profile: Peter Worrell. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 24 March 2016.


External links[edit | edit source]

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