Sweden celebrates their win at the 2012 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships.

The IIHF World Junior Championship is an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation for national under-20 ice hockey teams from around the world. It is traditionally held from late December to the beginning of January. The main tournament features the top ten ranked hockey nations in the world, comprising the "Top Division", from which a world champion is crowned. There are also three lower pools—divisions I, II and III—that each play separate tournaments playing for the right to be promoted to a higher pool with the last place team facing relegation to a lower pool.[1]

The first official tournament was held in 1977. Prior to that, there had been invitational tournaments in 1974, 1975 and 1976 that were not sanctioned by the IIHF.[2]

As of 2015, 39 official tournaments have been staged. Seven nations have won a gold medal and ten have won medals. Historically, the tournament has been dominated by the Soviet Union/Russia and Canada, together accounting for 29 of the 39 gold medals awarded. Canada leads the all-time gold medal count with 16 and have won a total of 29 medals, while the Soviet Union/Russia have won the most medals with 33.

Champions[edit | edit source]

Unofficial tournaments[edit | edit source]

Year Gold medal icon.svg Gold Silver medal icon.svg Silver Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze Host city (cities) Host country
1974 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union Flag of Finland.png Finland Flag of Canada.png Canada Leningrad Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union
1975 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of Sweden.png Sweden Winnipeg Flag of Canada Canada
1976 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia Tampere Flag of Finland Finland

Official tournaments[edit | edit source]

Key
  • (#) Number of tournaments won at the time.
Year Gold medal icon.svg Gold Silver medal icon.svg Silver Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze Host city (cities) Host country
1977 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (1) Flag of Canada.png Canada (1) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (1) Banská Bystrica and Zvolen Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
1978 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (2) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (1) Flag of Canada.png Canada (1) Montreal Flag of Canada Canada
1979 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (3) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (1) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (1) Karlstad and Karlskoga Flag of Sweden Sweden
1980 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (4) Flag of Finland.png Finland (1) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (2) Helsinki Flag of Finland Finland
1981 Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (1) Flag of Finland.png Finland (2) Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (1) Füssen Flag of West Germany West Germany
1982 Flag of Canada.png Canada (1) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (2) Flag of Finland.png Finland (1) Minneapolis Flag of the United States United States
1983 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (5) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (3) Flag of Canada.png Canada (2) Leningrad Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union
1984 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (6) Flag of Finland.png Finland (3) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (2) Norrköping and Nyköping Flag of Sweden Sweden
1985 Flag of Canada.png Canada (2) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (3) Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (2) Helsinki and Turku Flag of Finland Finland
1986 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (7) Flag of Canada.png Canada (2) Flag of the United States.png United States of America (1) Hamilton Flag of Canada Canada
1987 Flag of Finland.png Finland[α]
(1)
Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia[α]
(5)
Flag of Sweden.png Sweden[α]
(3)
Piešťany Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
1988 Flag of Canada.png Canada (3) Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (1) Flag of Finland.png Finland (2) Moscow Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union
1989 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (8) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (2) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (3) Anchorage Flag of the United States United States
1990 Flag of Canada.png Canada (4) Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (2) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (4) Helsinki and Turku Flag of Finland Finland[β]
1991 Flag of Canada.png Canada (5) Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union (3) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (5) Saskatoon Flag of Canada Canada
1992 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union [3](9) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (3) Flag of the United States.png United States of America (2) Füssen and Kaufbeuren Flag of Germany Germany
1993 Flag of Canada.png Canada (6) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (4) Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia (6) Gävle Flag of Sweden Sweden
1994 Flag of Canada.png Canada (7) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (5) Flag of Russia.png Russia (1/3) Ostrava and Frýdek-Místek Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic
1995 Flag of Canada.png Canada (8) Flag of Russia.png Russia (1/4) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (4) Red Deer Flag of Canada Canada
1996 Flag of Canada.png Canada (9) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (6) Flag of Russia.png Russia (2/4) Boston Flag of the United States United States
1997 Flag of Canada.png Canada (10) Flag of the United States.png United States of America (1) Flag of Russia.png Russia (3/5) Geneva and Morges Flag of Switzerland Switzerland
1998 Flag of Finland.png Finland (2) Flag of Russia.png Russia (2/5) Flag of Switzerland.png Switzerland (1) Helsinki and Hämeenlinna Flag of Finland Finland
1999 Flag of Russia.png Russia (1/10) Flag of Canada.png Canada (3) Flag of Slovakia.png Slovakia (1) Winnipeg and Portage La Prairie Flag of Canada Canada
2000 Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic (1) Flag of Russia.png Russia (3/6) Flag of Canada.png Canada (3) Skellefteå and Umeå Flag of Sweden Sweden
2001 Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic (2) Flag of Finland.png Finland (4) Flag of Canada.png Canada (4) Moscow and Podolsk Flag of Russia Russia
2002 Flag of Russia.png Russia (2/11) Flag of Canada.png Canada (4) Flag of Finland.png Finland (3) Pardubice and Hradec Králové Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic
2003 Flag of Russia.png Russia (3/12) Flag of Canada.png Canada (5) Flag of Finland.png Finland (4) Halifax and Sydney Flag of Canada Canada
2004 Flag of the United States.png United States of America (1) Flag of Canada.png Canada (6) Flag of Finland.png Finland (5) Helsinki and Hämeenlinna Flag of Finland Finland
2005 Flag of Canada.png Canada (11) Flag of Russia.png Russia (4/7) Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic (1/7) Grand Forks and Thief River Falls Flag of the United States United States
2006 Flag of Canada.png Canada (12) Flag of Russia.png Russia (5/8) Flag of Finland.png Finland (6) Vancouver, Kelowna, and Kamloops Flag of Canada Canada
2007 Flag of Canada.png Canada (13) Flag of Russia.png Russia (6/9) Flag of the United States.png United States of America (3) Leksand and Mora Flag of Sweden Sweden
2008 Flag of Canada.png Canada (14) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (7) Flag of Russia.png Russia (4/6) Pardubice and Liberec Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic
2009 Flag of Canada.png Canada (15) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (8) Flag of Russia.png Russia (5/7) Ottawa Flag of Canada Canada
2010 Flag of the United States.png United States of America (2) Flag of Canada.png Canada (7) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (5) Saskatoon and Regina Flag of Canada Canada
2011 Flag of Russia.png Russia (4/13) Flag of Canada.png Canada (8) Flag of the United States.png United States of America (4) Buffalo and Lewiston[4] Flag of the United States United States
2012 Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (2) Flag of Russia.png Russia (7/10) Flag of Canada.png Canada (5) Calgary and Edmonton Flag of Canada Canada
2013 Flag of the United States.png United States of America (3) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (9) Flag of Russia.png Russia (6/8) Ufa Flag of Russia Russia
2014 Flag of Finland.png Finland (3) Flag of Sweden.png Sweden (10) Flag of Russia.png Russia (7/9) Malmö Flag of Sweden Sweden
2015 Flag of Canada.png Canada (16) Flag of Russia.png Russia (8/11) Flag of Slovakia.png Slovakia (2) Toronto and Montreal Flag of Canada Canada

Future tournaments[edit | edit source]

These tournaments have been announced.

Year Host city (cities) Host country
2016 Helsinki[5] Flag of Finland Finland
2017 Montreal and Toronto[6] Flag of Canada Canada[7]
2018 Flag of the United States United States[8]
2019 Flag of Canada Canada[7]
2020 Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic
2021 Flag of Canada Canada[7]

Medal table[edit | edit source]

The unofficial tournaments held prior to 1977 are not included in this table.

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country Gold medal icon.svg Gold Silver medal icon.svg Silver Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze Medals
Flag of Canada.png Canada 16 8 5 29
Flag of Russia.png Russia
Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union
Total 
4
9
13
8
3
11
7
2
9
19
14
33
Flag of Finland.png Finland 3 4 6 13
Flag of the United States.png United States of America 3 1 4 8
Flag of Sweden.png Sweden 2 10 5 17
Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic
Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia
Total 
2
0
2
0
5
5
1
6
7
3
11
14
Flag of Slovakia.png Slovakia 0 0 2 2
Flag of Switzerland.png Switzerland 0 0 1 1

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Footnotes
  • α During the final game of the tournament, Canada and the Soviet Union became engaged in a violent bench-clearing brawl while Canada was leading 4–2. Consequently, the game was declared null and void, and both teams were ejected from the tournament; while the Soviets were out of medal contention, Canada was playing for the gold medal and were guaranteed at least a bronze.[9][10]
  • β Canada will host the tournament every 3 or 4 years. In 1990, Canada decided to switch years with Finland.
General
Specific
  1. "Tournament playing format", worldjuniors2008.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-26. 
  2. "International hockey timeline", International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved on 2008-06-12. 
  3. "IIHF World U20 Championships" International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-11-20.
  4. http://www.iihf.com/channels1011/wm20/home.html
  5. World Juniors in Helsinki. IIHF. Retrieved on 20 August 2014.
  6. http://www2.tsn.ca/world_jrs/story/?id=425844
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Canada to host more tourneys. International Ice Hockey Federation (2010-05-09). Retrieved on 2015-01-05.
  8. USA Hockey Awarded Rights to Host Four Additional World Championships. NAHL. Retrieved on 6 January 2011.
  9. Doug Harrison. Backgrounder–2008 World Junior Hockey Championship. CBC Sports. Retrieved on 2008-06-11.
  10. "Team Canada > National Junior Team > History", Hockey Canada. Retrieved on 2008-06-12. 

External links[edit | edit source]

This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship medalists. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Ice Hockey Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0 (Unported) (CC-BY-SA).


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