The Kharlamov Trophy is an NHL award given to the most valuable Russian NHL player. Named after Valeri Kharlamov a star ice hockey player from the Soviet Union and is considered one of their greatest players.

It is voted on by all active Russian NHL players. Russian players first entered the NHL in large numbers in the late 1980's, but the trophy was first awarded in 2003. Detroit's Sergei Fedorov was the first recipient of the award.

The following is a list of all the Kharlamov Trophy winners since the award's inception:

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