James Henry "Jimmy" Gardner (May 21, 1881 in Montreal, Quebec - November 7, 1940) was a Canadian professional ice hockey forward.

His playing career started with Montreal Hockey Club amateur team of the Canadian Amateur Hockey League in 1900, where he played until 1903, winning the Stanley Cup twice, in 1902 and 1903 as one of the 'Little Men of Iron'. He then joined the new Montreal Wanderers of the Federal Amateur Hockey League.

He then turned professional, playing two years for U.S. teams in Calumet and Pittsburgh before returning to Canada and the Montreal Shamrocks. He would return to the Wanderers in 1908 and play for the club until 1911, winning the Cup in 1908 and 1910. He joined the new PCHA and played for New Westminster for two seasons, before returning to Montreal to play for the Montreal Canadiens for two seasons before retiring as a player.

He then coached the Canadiens for two seasons and in later years coached the Hamilton Tigers, and teams in the Western Canada Hockey League and Quebec Senior Hockey League.

Mr. Gardner is credited with helping to found the Montreal Canadiens in 1909, including its name.

He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1962.

Preceded by
Napoleon Dorval
Head Coach of the Montreal Canadiens
Succeeded by
Newsy Lalonde
Preceded by
Newsy Lalonde
Montreal Canadiens captains
Succeeded by
Howard McNamara
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