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The IIHF European Cup, also known as the Europa Cup, was a European ice hockey club competition for champions of national leagues which was contested between 1965 and 1997, governed by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF).

HistoryEdit

The competition was originated by Günther Sabetzki,[1] based on the European Cup of association football (now UEFA Champions League).

The tournament encountered problems. Countries had different levels of development in ice hockey, so some teams were weaker than others, resulting in a number of uncompetitive, one-sided games. Organisational difficulties were also posed by the refusal of some Soviet Union teams to play away games in certain places. This resulted in no final being held some years, and more than one final being held in others. The competition was discontinued after 1997. In its place, the European Hockey League and the Continental Cup, and later the IIHF European Champions Cup, were started.

FormatEdit

Teams were seeded and drawn into groups of four teams, with the winners of each group progressing to the next round, where they were drawn into groups again. Each round was played over a long weekend (Friday to Sunday) in a single venue, until one final group was left, the winner of which would be considered the champion. After the European Cup was discontinued, the Continental Cup would adopt this format.

WinnersEdit

Knockout, 1965/66–1977/78
Season Winner Score Runner-up
1965–66 Flag of Czechoslovakia ZKL Brno 6–4, 7–5, 6–2, 6–1 Flag of Germany EV Füssen
1966–67 Flag of Czechoslovakia ZKL Brno 3–2, 5–4 Flag of Finland Ilves
1967–68 Flag of Czechoslovakia ZKL Brno 3–0, 3–3 Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1968–69 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow 9–1, 14–3 Flag of Austria EC KAC
1969–70 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow 2–3, 8–5 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] Spartak Moscow
1970–71 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow 7–0, 3–3 Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1971–72 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow 8–2, 8–3 Flag of Sweden Brynäs
1972–73 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow 6–2, 12–2 Flag of Sweden Brynäs
1973–74 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow 2–3, 6–1 Flag of Czechoslovakia Tesla Pardubice
1974–75 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] Krylya Sovetov Moscow 2–3, 7–0 Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1975–76 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow 6–0, 4–2 Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno
1976–77 Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno 4–4, 4–4 (2-1 SO) [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] Spartak Moscow
1977–78 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow 3–1 Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno
Group, 1978/79–1989/90
Season Winner Runner-up Third Venue
1978–79 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno Flag of Finland Ässät Innsbruck, Austria
1979–80 [[Image:{{{flag alias-1955}}}|22x20px|border|Flag of Soviet Union]] CSKA Moscow Flag of Finland Tappara Flag of Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava Innsbruck, Austria
1980–81 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Finland HIFK Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno Urtijëi, Italy
1981–82 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia TJ Vítkovice Flag of Germany SC Riessersee Düsseldorf, West Germany
1982–83 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Flag of Finland Tappara Tampere, Finland
1983–84 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Flag of East Germany Dynamo Berlin Urtijëi, Italy
1984–85 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Germany Kölner EC Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Megève, France
1985–86 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Sweden Södertälje SK Flag of Germany SB Rosenheim Rosenheim, West Germany
1986–87 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia TJ VSŽ Košice Flag of Sweden Färjestad BK Lugano, Switzerland
1987–88 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia Tesla Pardubice Flag of Finland Tappara Davos, Switzerland
1988–89 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia TJ VSŽ Košice Flag of Germany Kölner EC Cologne, West Germany
1989–90 Flag of the Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Finland TPS Flag of Sweden Djurgårdens IF Berlin, West Germany
Knockout, 1990/91–1996/97
Season Winner Score Runner-up Venue
1990 Flag of Sweden Djurgårdens IF 3–2 Flag of the Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow Düsseldorf, Germany
1991 Flag of Sweden Djurgårdens IF 7–2 Flag of Germany Düsseldorfer EG Düsseldorf, Germany
1992 Flag of Sweden Malmö IF 3–3 (1-0 SO) Flag of Russia 1991-1993 Dynamo Moscow Düsseldorf, Germany
1993 Flag of Finland TPS 4–3 Flag of Russia Dynamo Moscow Düsseldorf, Germany
1994 Flag of Finland Jokerit 4–2 Flag of Russia Lada Togliatti Helsinki, Turku, Finland
1995 Flag of Finland Jokerit 3–3 (3-2 SO) Flag of Germany Kölner Haie Cologne, Germany
1996 Flag of Russia Lada Togliatti 4–3 (OT) Flag of Sweden Modo Düsseldorf, Germany

Source: [2]

By nationEdit

Performance by nation
Nation Winners Runners-up third
Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flag of Russia Russia
22 6 0
Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 4 13 2
Flag of Finland Finland 3 4 3
Flag of Sweden Sweden 3 4 2
Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of GermanyWest Germany
Flag of East Germany East Germany
0 4 4
Flag of Austria Austria 0 0 1

See alsoEdit

References Edit

  1. Ice Hockey and Olympism page 187
  2. European Cup (1966-1997). International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved on 2009-12-14.
  • Müller, Stephan (2005). International Ice Hockey Encyclopaedia 1904–2005. Germany: Books on Demand. ISBN 3-8334-4189-5. 

External linksEdit

Top-level ice hockey leagues of Europe

|group1 = International |list1 = Kontinental Hockey League ·</span> Belarusian Extraleague · Erste Bank Eishockey Liga · MOL Liga · Slohokej Liga

|group2 = National |list2 = Armenia · Belgium · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Bulgaria · Croatia · Czech Republic · Denmark · Estonia · Finland · France · Greece · Germany · Hungary · Iceland · Italy · Ireland · Kazakhstan · Latvia · Lithuania · Netherlands · Norway · Poland · Romania · Serbia · Slovakia · Slovenia · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · Turkey · Ukraine · United Kingdom

|group3 = Related Topics |list3 = International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) · Champions Hockey League · Victoria Cup · IIHF Continental Cup · IIHF European Champions Cup · Hockey Europe · Spengler Cup · IIHF Super Cup · United Hockey Europe · European Trophy (Junior tournament· List of KHL vs NHL games

|group4 = Defunct Leagues |list4 = Soviet Union · Russia · Czechoslovakia · Yugoslavia · Alpenliga · Six Nations Tournament · Interliga · Panonian League · Eastern European }}


[[Category:IIHF}}


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