The Ivan Hlinka Memorial Tournament (also known as the U-18 Junior World Cup and formerly known as the Pacific Cup and the Nations Cup) is an annual event held each August for national under-18 ice hockey teams from around the world. Unsanctioned by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), the tournament is not granted official status by the sport's governing body. The IIHF's official under-18 tournament is held annually eight months later.

Beginning in 1991, the competition was held in Japan for the first three years, as well as the fifth. In its first year, it was known as the Phoenix Cup, after which the Pacific Cup moniker was adopted (with the exception of 1994, when Mexico served as the host country and the tournament was known as La Copa Mexico). In 1996, the tournament was held in Canada for the first and only time. Beginning the following year, Slovakia and the Czech Republic began alternating as hosts, while the tournament became known as the Nations Cup. Between 1997 and 2002, the tournament grew from three participating nations to eight. Starting in 2003, Slovakia and the Czech Republic began co-hosting annually. The competition's current namesake, Ivan Hlinka, was one of the first superstars in Czechoslovak hockey – both domestically and internationally. The U-18 Junior World Cup took on its current name in 2007, after Hlinka's death three years prior.

Historically, the tournament has been dominated by Canada; over 26 years, the country has won 20 times and medalled in each year except 2003, 2007, and 2016. As the IIHF's tournament conflicts with the Canadian Hockey League (CHL)'s playoff season, the Ivan Hlinka Memorial Tournament is the only competition of the two to which Canada is able to send its best under-18 team.

Results

Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1991 Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the United States.png United States of America Sapporo / Yokohama
1992 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of Russia.png Russia Flag of Japan.gif Japan Tokyo
1993 Flag of Russia.png Russia Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of Canada.png Canada Yokohama
1994 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of Russia.png Russia Mexico City
1995 Flag of Russia.png Russia Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the United States.png United States of America Yokohama
1996 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of Finland.png Finland Nelson / Castlegar, British Columbia
1997 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Flag of Slovakia.png Slovakia Jihlava / Žďár nad Sázavou / Znojmo
1998 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Flag of Slovakia.png Slovakia Bratislava
1999 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Havlíčkův Brod / Třebíč / Znojmo
2000 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Kežmarok
2001 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Flag of Russia.png Russia Kolín / Mladá Boleslav / Nymburk
2002 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Flag of Russia.png Russia Břeclav / Piešťany
2003 Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of Russia.png Russia Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Břeclav / Piešťany
2004 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Flag of Sweden.png Sweden Břeclav / Hodonín / Piešťany
2005 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Flag of Finland.png Finland Břeclav / Piešťany
2006 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of Russia.png Russia Břeclav / Piešťany
2007 Flag of Sweden.png Sweden Flag of Finland.png Finland Flag of Russia.png Russia Hodonín / Piešťany
2008 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of Russia.png Russia Flag of Sweden.png Sweden Hodonín / Piešťany
2009 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of Russia.png Russia Flag of Sweden.png Sweden Břeclav / Hodonín / Piešťany
2010 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of Sweden.png Sweden Břeclav / Piešťany
2011 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of Sweden.png Sweden Flag of Russia.png Russia Břeclav / Piešťany
2012 Flag of Canada.png Canada Flag of Finland.png Finland Flag of Sweden.png Sweden Břeclav / Piešťany
2013 Flag of Canada Canada Flag of the United States United States Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Břeclav / Piešťany
2014 Flag of Canada Canada Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Flag of the United States United States Břeclav / Piešťany
2015 Flag of Canada Canada Flag of Sweden Sweden Flag of Russia Russia Břeclav / Bratislava
2016 Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic Flag of the United States.png United States of America Flag of Russia.png Russia Břeclav / Bratislava

Medal leaders

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
Flag of Canada.png Canada 20 2 1 23
Flag of Russia Russia / Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union 3 4 8 15
Flag of the United States.png United States of America 1 9 3 13
Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czech Republic 1 7 4 12
Flag of Sweden.png Sweden 1 2 5 8
Flag of Finland.png Finland 0 2 2 4
Flag of Slovakia.png Slovakia 0 0 2 2
Flag of Japan.gif Japan 0 0 1 1

External links

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