Herbert Elbert Rhéaume (January 12, 1900 - January 1, 1953), born in Masson, Quebec, was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender who played 31 games in the National Hockey League for the Montreal Canadiens as an emergency replacement following Georges Vézina's death during the 1925–26 season. The following year, he was replaced by George Hainsworth in the Habs' net.
He played senior hockey with the Ottawa Grand Trunk Railroad team in the Ottawa City Senior League and with the Hull Canadiens from 1915 to 1918. Rheaume then joined the senior Hamilton Tigers for three seasons, winning the Allan Cup in 1919.
After playing the 1925-26 season for the Canadiens, Rheaume joined the Boston Tigers of the Canadian American Hockey League for four seasons. He played for six more seasons in the minor pros and retired in 1936.