Halfiax Rules are believed to be the first known rules of ice hockey. They were never wriiten down but are believed to date back to the mid-18th century. Colonel Byron Weston spelled out the rules in an interview with sport reporter James Power.
The Halifax Rules
- The game is played with a block of wood for a puck.
- The puck is not allowed to leave the ice.
- The stones marking the place to score goals are placed on the ice (at right angles to those at present), parallel to the sides of the ice surface.
- There is to be no slashing.
- There is to be no lifting the stick above the shoulder.
- When a goal was scored, teams change ends.
- Players must keep ‘on side’ of the puck.
- The ‘forward pass’ is permitted. -This is different from later rules published for as the forward pass was not permitted
- All players play the entire game.
- There is a no-replacement rule for penalized players.
- The game is made up of two thirty-minute periods with a ten-minute break.
- The goal-keeper must stand for the entire game.
- Goals are decided by the goal umpires, who stand at the goal mouth and ring a handbell.
These rules were taken to Montreal by Creighton James Creighton who altered the rules in to the McGill or Montreal Rules.