Esa Olavi Peltonen (born February 25, 1947 in Oulu, Finland) is a retired professional ice hockey player who played in the SM-liiga for Kärpät, Upon Pallo, HJK, HIFK and Kiekkoreipas. He was inducted into the Finnish Hockey Hall of Fame in 1990.

Esa Peltonen, a member of IIHF Hall of Fame, played as many as 277 games (93G/49A - 142pts.) for the Finnish national team. His 93 goals are the second best in Finnish ice hockey history (Lasse Oksanen 101). Esa Peltonen repsesented the Finnish national team in four Olympic tournaments (1968, 1972, 1976 and 1980). He played in 11 World Championships (1967–78). He was also on the Finnish team at the inaugural Canada Cup in 1976.

His son, Ville Peltonen, is one of the best in the history of the Finnish national team: 13 World Championships, 3 Olympic tournaments, 2 World Cups. In those aforementioned tournaments he has scored 81 points (34+47), which is by far the best in Finland. Peltonen has so far played 237 games for Finland (74G/96A - 170pts.).

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