|5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)|
190 lb (86 kg)
|Teams||Boston Bruins |
New York Americans
|Born||November 25, 1902,|
Fort Qu'Appelle, SK, CA
|Died||March 16 1985 (aged 82),|
Springfield, MA, US
|Pro Career||1926 – 1940|
|Hall of Fame, 1947|
Edward William "Eddie" Shore (November 25, 1902 – March 16, 1985) was defenceman in the National Hockey League, principally for the Boston Bruins, and the longtime owner of the Springfield Indians of the American Hockey League, iconic for his toughness and defensive skill.
Named to the NHL All Star team for eight of the first nine seasons the league named such teams, Shore is the only NHL defenceman to win the Hart Trophy as the league's most valuable player four times. Only Wayne Gretzky and Gordie Howe have won the Hart Trophy more times than Shore. A bruiser known for violence, Shore set a then NHL record for 165 penalty minutes in his second season.
Born in Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, Shore played with the Regina Capitals of the Western Canada Hockey League in 1925. His team finished last in the league and folded at the end of the season. Shore moved to the league champion Edmonton Eskimos in 1926, where he converted from Forward to defence.
When the Western Hockey League (renamed from the WCHL) folded in 1926, Shore was sold to the Boston Bruins of the NHL. As a rookie, he scored twelve goals and six assists for a total of 18 points and accumulated 130 penalty minutes. Shore helped the Bruins win their first Stanley Cup in 1929.
In the 1925–26 season, Billy Coutu and Sprague Cleghorn of the Montreal Canadiens were traded to the Boston Bruins. During their first practice with the Bruins, Shore strutted back and forth in front of Coutu and Cleghorn. Coutu body-slammed Shore, head-butted, elbowed, and tried to torment Shore. Coutu picked up the puck and made a rush at Shore. The two players collided. Shore held his ground and Coutu flew through the air violently crashing to the ice. Shore's ear was almost ripped off but he barely noticed it. Coutu was out cold and was out of commission for a week. Shore visited several doctors who wanted to amputate the ear, but found one who sewed it back on. After refusing Anesthesia, Shore used a mirror to watch the doctor sew the ear on. Shore claimed Coutu used his hockey stick to cut off the ear, and Coutu was fined $50. Shore later recanted and Coutu's money was refunded. On January 24, 1933, during a game against Montreal, Shore accidentally punched NHL referee-in-chief Cooper Smeaton during a fight with Sylvio Mantha and was fined $100.
The November 23, 1929 game against the Montreal Maroons was particularly violent. Superstar defenseman Eddie Shore battled the Maroons all night, particularly Babe Siebert who suffered a broken toe, bruised rib and black eye. Dave Trottier spat blood after a Shore butt-end to the chest. Shore played 58 minutes of the game, despite high sticks from Seibert that resulted in a deep cut over his eye and nose, three teeth knocked out and a concussion. The Bruins won 4-3 with Shore marking two assists. Shore went to hospital after the game and missed the return match against the Maroons on the 26th. Bruins' president Charles Adams presented Shore with a check for $500, purportedly $100 for each facial scar he received at the hands of the Maroons.
In Boston on December 13, 1933, Shore ended the career of Toronto Maple Leafs star Ace Bailey when he charged Bailey from behind. When Bailey's head hit the ice he was knocked unconscious and went into convulsions. In retaliation, Leafs tough-guy Red Horner punched Shore, whose head hit the ice as he fell from the blow. Shore was knocked out and required seven stitches but wasn't seriously injured. However, Shore wore a helmet for the rest of his career after this game. Bailey was rushed to hospital in critical condition with a fractured skull. He was operated on for more than four hours and there were fears he could die. Shore apologized to Bailey after the game. Shore and Bailey shook hands at a benefit game in Bailey's honour when Bailey presented Shore with his all-star jersey on February 14, 1934.
Shore and the Bruins won their second Stanley Cup in 1939. Shore bought the Springfield Indians of the American Hockey League, where he was player-owner in 1939–40. He was persuaded to rejoin the 1939-40 Bruins and played four games for the team, he last on December 5, 1939. He was traded to the New York Americans on January 25, 1940. He stayed with the Americans through their elimination from the playoffs, and was simultaneously playing with the Indians in their playoff games.
Retirement and the Indians
Although Shore had played his last NHL game, he played two more seasons in Springfield. The Indians halted operations during World War II, and Shore moved his players to Buffalo where he coached the Buffalo Bisons of the AHL to the Calder Cup championship in 1943 and 1944. After the war, the Springfield Indians resumed play in 1946 and Shore returned.
As an owner, Shore could be cantankerous and was often accused of treating players with little respect. During the 1967 season, the entire Indians team refused to play after Shore suspended without pay three players, including future NHL star Bill White, for what he said was "indifferent play." When the team asked for an explanation, Shore suspended the two players who spoke for the team, one of whom was Brian Kilrea. Alan Eagleson, then a little known lawyer and sometime politician, was brought in to negotiate with Shore on the players' behalf. The battle escalated for months, ending with Shore giving up day-to-day operations of the club; the genesis of the National Hockey League Players' Association stems from that incident. Shore continued to be owner until he sold the team in 1976.
On February 28, 1985, Shore checked into a Springfield hospital. His condition gradually deteriorated, and he died on March 16, 1985 at age 82.
Shore was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1947. The Boston Bruins retired his number 2. The Eddie Shore Award is given annually to the AHL's best defenceman. In 1998, he was ranked number 10 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players, making him the highest-ranked pre-World War II player.
Awards and Achievements
- Stanley Cup champions - 1929, 1939
- Hart Memorial Trophy – 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1937–38
- Lester B. Patrick Award – 1970
- Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1947
- Inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1975
- Named to the WHL First All-Star Team 1925-26
- Named to the NHL First All-Star Team 7 times
- Named to the NHL Second All-Star Team in 1934
- In 1998, he was ranked #10 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players.
- His number, 2, was retired by the Boston Bruins in 1947.
|Winner of the Hart Trophy
|Winner of the Hart Trophy
|Winner of the Hart Trophy
|Boston Bruins Captains
|Boston Bruins Captains|
|Cleghorn | Hitchman | Owen | Clapper | Barry | Stewart | Shore | Weiland | Clapper | Cowley | Crawford | Bauer | Schmidt | Sandford | Flaman | McKenney | Boivin | Bucyk | Cashman | O'Reilly | Middleton | Bourque | Allison | Thornton | Chára | Bergeron|