| Carolina Hurricanes|
The Carolina Hurricanes are a professional ice hockey team based in Raleigh, North Carolina. They are members of the Southeast Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). They won their first Stanley Cup during the 2005–06 season, beating the Edmonton Oilers four games to three. Prior to 1997, the team was known as the Hartford Whalers. They play their home games at the RBC Center.
In New England
- See also: Hartford Whalers
The New England Whalers were born in November 1971 when the World Hockey Association awarded a franchise to begin play in Boston, Massachusetts. For the first two-and-a-half years of their existence, the club played their home games at the Boston Arena, Boston Garden, and The Big E Coliseum in West Springfield, Massachusetts. However, sagging attendance forced the team to Connecticut. On January 11, 1975, the team played its first game in front of a sellout crowd at the Hartford Civic Center Coliseum. With the exception of a period in the late 1970s when the Whalers played at the Springfield Civic Center while their Hartford home was being renovated (due to a portion of the roof collapsing after a blizzard), the franchise was largely located in Hartford..
As one of the most stable WHA teams, the Whalers, along with the Edmonton Oilers, Quebec Nordiques, and Winnipeg Jets, were admitted to the NHL when the rival leagues merged in 1979. Because the NHL already had a team in the New England area, the Boston Bruins, the former WHA team was renamed the Hartford Whalers. Unfortunately, the team was never as successful in the NHL as they had been in the WHA, recording only three winning seasons. They peaked with their only playoff series victory in 1986 over the Quebec Nordiques and extended the Montreal Canadiens to overtime of the seventh game in the second round, followed by a regular season division title in 1986–87. 1992 was the last time the Hartford Whalers made the playoffs.
In March 1997, Whalers owner Peter Karmanos announced that the team would leave Connecticut after 1996–97 because of the team's inability to negotiate a satisfactory construction and lease package for a new arena in Hartford. In July, Karmanos announced that the Whalers would move to the Research Triangle area of North Carolina and the new Entertainment and Sports Arena in Raleigh, become the Carolina Hurricanes, and change their team colors to red and black. Due to the relatively short time frame for the move, Karmanos himself thought of and decided upon the new name for the club, rather than holding a contest as is sometimes done.
Unfortunately, the ESA wouldn't be complete for two more years, and the only other hockey building in the Triangle was Dorton Arena, a 5,100-seat, 45-year-old building which was totally unsuitable for NHL hockey. The Hurricanes were thus forced to play home games in Greensboro, ninety minutes away from Raleigh, for their first two seasons after the move. This displaced the American Hockey League's Carolina Monarchs. The Greensboro Coliseum seated over 21,000 people for hockey, temporarily putting the 'Canes in the highest-capacity arena in the NHL. This choice was disastrous for the franchise's attendance and reputation. Most Triangle-area fans were unwilling to make the drive across I-40 to Greensboro. As for their part, fans from the Piedmont Triad wouldn't support a lame-duck team, and were still upset over ticket price hikes when the Monarchs moved from the East Coast Hockey League to the AHL in 1995. Furthermore, only 29 out of 82 games were televised, and radio play-by-play coverage was often pre-empted by ACC basketball, leaving these games totally unavailable to those who didn't have a ticket. With attendance routinely below the league average, Sports Illustrated ran a story titled "Natural Disaster", and ESPN anchors mocked the "Green Acres" of empty seats; in a 2006 interview, Karmanos admitted that "as it turns out, Greensboro was probably a mistake."
For 1998–99 the Hurricanes curtained off most of the upper deck, lowering capacity to about 12,000, but attendance continued to lag well behind league averages. On the ice, however, the 'Canes were now out of the doldrums; led by the return of longtime Whalers captain Ron Francis, Keith Primeau's 30 goals, and Gary Roberts' 178 penalty minutes, they won the new Southeast Division by eight points and made the playoffs for the first time since 1992. Tragedy struck hours after their first-round loss to the Bruins when defenceman Steve Chiasson was thrown from his pickup truck and killed in a single-vehicle drunk-driving accident.
Despite their move to the brand-new ESA, the Hurricanes played lackluster hockey in 1999–2000, failing to make the playoffs. In 2000–01, though, they claimed the eighth seed, which nosed out Boston, and landed a first-round date with the defending champs, the New Jersey Devils. Although the Hurricanes were bounced by the Devils in six games, the series is seen as the real "arrival" of hockey in the Triangle. Down 3–0 in the series, the 'Canes extended it to a sixth game, thereby becoming only the tenth team in NHL history to do so. Game six in Raleigh featured their best playoff crowd that year, as well as its noisiest.  Despite the 5–1 loss, Carolina was given a standing ovation by their crowd as the game ended, erasing many of the doubts that the city wouldn't warm up to the team.
The 'Canes made national waves for the first time in the 2002 playoffs. They survived a late charge from the Washington Capitals to win the division, but expectations were low entering the Round One against the defending Eastern Conference champion Devils. However, Arturs Irbe and Kevin Weekes were solid in goal, and two games were won by the Hurricanes in overtime as they put away the Devs in six games. The second-round matchup was against the Montreal Canadiens, who were riding a wave of emotion after their captain Saku Koivu's return from cancer treatment. In the third period of Game 4 in Montreal, down 2–1 in games and 3–0 in score, Carolina would tie the game and then win on Niclas Wallin's overtime goal. The game became known to Hurricanes fans as the "Miracle at Molson"; Carolina easily won the next two games, by a 13–3 margin, over the dejected Habs to win the series.
In the Conference Final, Carolina met the heavily-favored Toronto Maple Leafs. In game six in Toronto, the Leafs' Mats Sundin tied the game with 22 seconds remaining to send it to overtime, where Carolina's Martin Gelinas would score to send the franchise to their first Stanley Cup Final, against the Detroit Red Wings, thought to be the prohibitive favorite all year. Though the Canes stunned the Wings in Game 1, when Francis scored in the first minute of OT, Detroit stormed back to win the next four games. Game 3 in Raleigh featured a triple-overtime thriller (won by Detroit's Igor Larionov, the eldest player to score a last-round goal), which sportscasters called one of the best Final games in history. Despite the 4–1 series loss, it had been by far the most successful season in franchise history.
The momentum didn't last, however, and the next two seasons saw the 'Canes drop into the cellar of the NHL rankings; many of the new fans attracted to the team (and to hockey itself) during the 2002 playoff run lost interest and attendance declined. One of the few positive results of these losing years was the team's drafting of rising star Eric Staal in 2003. In December 2003, the team fired Paul Maurice, who had been their coach since their next-to-last season in Hartford, replacing him with former New York Islanders bench boss Peter Laviolette. Weekes remained tough, but offense was doubtful; center Josef Vasicek led the team with a mere 19 goals, 26 assists for 45 points.
2005–06 Stanley Cup Champions
The outcome of the 2004–05 NHL lockout led to the shrinking of the payroll to $26 million. The 'Canes, however, turned out to be one of the NHL's biggest surprises, turning in the best season in the franchise's 34-year history. They finished with a 52–22–8 record and 112 points, shattering the previous franchise record set by the 1986–87 Whalers. It was the first time ever that the franchise had passed the 50-win and 100-point plateaus. The 112-point figure was one point behind the Ottawa Senators for the best record in the East, and secured their third Southeast Division title, finishing 20 points ahead of the Tampa Bay Lightning. Attendance increased from 2003–04, averaging just under 15,600 per game, and the team made a profit for the first time since the move from Hartford.
In the playoffs, after losing the first two games of the conference quarterfinal series against the Montreal Canadiens, Laviolette lifted goalkeeper Martin Gerber in favor of rookie Cam Ward. The Hurricanes went on to win both games in Montreal, tying up the playoff series and turning the momentum around, winning the series on a Game Six overtime goal by Cory Stillman. Carolina faced the New Jersey Devils in the conference semifinals, which proved surprisingly one-sided, as the Hurricanes beat the Devils in five games. Stillman struck again, once again scoring the series-winning goal.
In the Eastern Conference Final, the Hurricanes faced the Buffalo Sabres, who had finished just one spot behind the Canes in the overall standings. The Sabres were devastated by injuries, at one point playing without their top four defensemen. The contentious series saw both coaches — Lindy Ruff and Laviolette — taking public verbal shots at each other's team, but in the deciding Game Seven, the Hurricanes rallied with three goals in the third to win by a score of 4–2. Rod Brind'Amour scored the game winner as the Hurricanes reached the Stanley Cup Final for the second time in team history.
The Cup Finals were against the Edmonton Oilers, the first time in NHL history that two former WHA franchises had played against one another in the Final. The Canes rallied from a 3–0 deficit in Game 1 to win 5–4 after Rod Brind'Amour scored with 30 seconds left. In Game 2, the 'Canes shelled the Oilers 5–0 to take a two-game lead.
The Oilers won Game 3 in Edmonton, 2–1, as Ryan Smyth scored the game-winning goal with 2:47 left to play. Carolina rebounded in Game 4 with a 2–1 victory, and came home with a chance to win the Cup on home ice. However, game five saw the Oilers come back with a stunning 4–3 overtime win on a shorthanded breakaway by Fernando Pisani. Suddenly the momentum started to turn the Oilers' way. In Game 6 in Edmonton, Carolina was soundly defeated 4–0.
In Game 7, before the second-largest home crowd in franchise history (18,978), the Hurricanes won 3-1, sealing the Hurricanes' first Stanley Cup championship in franchise history. thumb|300px|right
Ward was honored with the Conn Smythe Trophy for the playoffs' most valuable player, becoming just the fourth rookie to be honored with the award.
Rod Brind'Amour and Bret Hedican had both waited over 15 years to raise Lord Stanley's Mug, while Glen Wesley — the last remaining Hartford Whaler on the Hurricanes' roster — had waited 18 seasons.
The Hurricanes' Stanley Cup championship marked the first professional major league sports title for a team from the Carolinas. As well, they are the only NHL team in history to lose nine or more games in a year's playoffs, yet still win the Stanley Cup.
After the Cup
The Hurricanes were not able to follow up their success. In 2006-07, the Hurricanes finished third in the Southeast and eleventh overall in the Eastern Conference. This finish made them the first champions since the 1938–39 Chicago Blackhawks to have failed to qualify for the playoffs both the seasons before and after their championship season. In 2007-08, Carolina again missed the playoffs as Washington stormed back to take the division title on the last day of the season, leaving the Hurricanes second in the division and ninth overall in the conference.
The last player remaining from the Hartford days, defenseman Glen Wesley, announced his retirement after the 2007-08 season. As of Wesley's retirement, the only remaining legacies of the Hurricanes' Hartford days are broadcasters Chuck Kaiton, John Forslund and Tripp Tracy, equipment managers Wally Tatomir, Skip Cunningham and Bob Gorman, and the old goal horn from the Hartford Civic Center.
This is a partial list of the last five seasons completed by the Hurricanes. For the full season-by-season history, see Carolina Hurricanes seasons
Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes
Records as of April 7, 2007.
|2002–03||82||22||43||11||6||61||171||240||1208||5th, Southeast||Did not qualify|
|2003–04||82||28||34||14||6||76||172||209||1102||3rd, Southeast||Did not qualify|
|2004–05||Season cancelled due to 2004–05 NHL lockout|
|2005–061||82||52||22||—||8||112||294||260||1107||1st, Southeast||Stanley Cup Champions, 4–3 (Oilers)|
|2006–07||82||40||34||—||8||88||241||253||1007||3rd, Southeast||Did not qualify|
|2007–08||82||43||33||—||6||92||252||249||1183||2nd, Southeast||Did not qualify|
- 1 As of the 2005–06 NHL season, all games tied after regulation will be decided in a shootout; SOL (Shootout losses) will be recorded as OTL in the standings.
Updated March 26, 2010.
- Kevin Dineen, 1997–98
- Keith Primeau, 1998–99
- Ron Francis, 1999–2004
- No captain, 2004–05 (Lockout)
- Rod Brind'Amour, 2005-2010
- Eric Staal, 2010-present
- 3 Steve Chiasson D, 1996–99, Unofficially retired following his 1999 death while a member of the team.
- 10 Ron Francis C, 1981–91 (Hartford), 1998–2004 (Carolina), Number retired January 28, 2006.
- 99 Wayne Gretzky Number retired league wide February 6, 2000.
After the move, the club restored Hartford's 2 for Rick Ley (D, 1972–81) and 19 for John McKenzie (RW, 1977–79) to circulation. It does, however, honor the Hartford retirement of Gordie Howe's (RW, 1977–80) 9, though not with a banner.
Hall of Famers: Ron Francis, who captained the team in both Hartford and Carolina and spent fifteen years with the franchise overall, was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2007. The only other Hall member to have played in a Hurricanes jersey is Paul Coffey, who spent one and a half seasons in Carolina near the end of his career (as well as, two seasons prior, twenty games in Hartford). In the franchise's history, WHA and NHL Whalers Gordie Howe and Dave Keon are both members. In addition, longtime franchise radio play-by-play announcer Chuck Kaiton received the Foster Hewitt Memorial Award in 2004, an honor granted by the Hall of Fame.
John Forslund TV Play-by-Play; Radio Analyst
Tripp Tracy TV Analyst
Chuck Kaiton Radio Play-by-Play
First-round draft picks
Note: This list does not include selections of the Hartford Whalers.
- 1997: Nikos Tselios (22nd overall)
- 1998: Jeff Heerema (11th overall)
- 1999: David Tanabe (16th overall)
- 2000: none
- 2001: Igor Knyazev (15th overall)
- 2002: Cam Ward (25th overall)
- 2003: Eric Staal (2nd overall)
- 2004: Andrew Ladd (4th overall)
- 2005: Jack Johnson (3rd overall)
- 2006: none
- 2007: Brandon Sutter (11th overall)
- 2008: Zach Boychuk (14th overall)
Franchise scoring leaders
These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise (Hartford & Carolina) history. Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.
Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game; * = current Hurricanes player
NHL awards and trophies
- Most goals in a season: Blaine Stoughton, 56 (1979–80)
- Most assists in a season: Ron Francis, 69 (1989–90)
- Most points in a season: Mike Rogers, 105 (1979–80 & 1980–81)
- Most penalty minutes in a season: Torrie Robertson, 358 (1985–86)
- Most points in a season, defenceman: Mark Howe, 80 (1979–80)
- Most points in a season, rookie: Sylvain Turgeon, 72 (1983–84)
- Most wins in a season: Martin Gerber, 38 (2005–06)
- Most shutouts in a season: Arturs Irbe; Kevin Weekes, 6 (1998–99 & 2000–01; 2003–04)
- Most points in one postseason: Eric Staal, 28 (2006)
- Most shutouts in one postseason: Kevin Weekes; Cam Ward, 2 (2002; 2006)
- Fastest hat trick: Ray Whitney, 1 minute 40 seconds, 8 February 2007 vs. Boston Bruins
- Most wins in a season: 52 (2005–06)
- Most points in a season: 112 (2005–06)
- The Hurricanes received their new name a few months after a particularly active hurricane season for North Carolina in 1996, which included one major storm, Hurricane Fran, that hit Raleigh directly.
- The abbreviation 'Canes is often used, as with the teams of the University of Miami and Lethbridge of the WHL, whose teams have long been known as the Hurricanes.
- The term Whalercanes, a combination of the Hartford and Carolina nicknames, is used occasionally (often derisively) to refer to the franchise's combined history in Hartford and North Carolina.
- Hurricanes fans call themselves "Caniacs", a derivation from the shortened "'Canes" form of the team's nickname.
- The Hurricanes' alternate logo actually is a signal for a storm watch, since it uses only one flag. A hurricane warning is indicated by two such flags, but showing two flags flying from the hockey stick would be aesthetically awkward.
- Carolina has never issued a third jersey since the third jerseys began use in 1995. They remain one of 3 teams (the others are New Jersey and Detroit) who have yet to issue one.
- The Hurricanes launched a cheerleading team called the Storm Squad in 1999. The Storm Squad, which in 2005–06 consisted of fourteen women and two men, helps drive crowd noise, assists in games and giveaways during stoppages, and appears at outside-the-rink promotional events for the team.
- In spring 2002, the tailgating habits of Hurricanes fans (echoing the fall football tradition for North Carolina State University games at Carter-Finley Stadium across the parking lot) expanded and intensified as the Hurricanes ran deep into the playoffs and the North Carolina spring weather warmed up. By the Eastern Conference Final, the pre-game party atmosphere drew major attention from Canadian and northern-based media as a hockey novelty.
- Caniacs at the RBC Center have made a reputation for loudness during the Canes' two long playoff runs. In 2002, CBC analyst Don Cherry called RBC Center "the loudest building in the NHL" during the ECF against Toronto, and in 2006, televised displays of handheld decibel meters during the Stanley Cup Final repeatedly showed readings above 125 dB, considerably above the threshold of pain. Official records for arena volume are not kept due to the difficulty of standardizing this measurement across different game situations and arena acoustic environments, but the 133.4 dB recorded by arena staff during Game 5 of the 2006 ECF broke an unofficial record held by Sacramento Kings fans at Arco Arena.
- During the 2006 playoffs, some Carolina media and fans adopted the slogan "Redneck Hockey" parodying a stereotype of Southern culture and the region's image as a non-traditional hockey market, in response to some opposing fans contending that Carolina fans were less hockey-savvy or less dedicated than other fans due to their status as fans of a Southern team (and the fact that they failed to sell out RBC Center very late into the playoffs). As during the 2002 playoffs -- when the "Mayberry" theme first became popular among Caniacs -- fans at the RBC Center also began wearing T-shirts and displaying posters of Barney Fife, or bearing the slogan "Barney knows hockey," a reference to the classic North Carolina-based TV series "The Andy Griffith Show" and a parody of the Nike "Bo Knows" advertising campaign of the late 1980s.
- Another tradition that has developed among Hurricanes fans is meeting the team at Raleigh-Durham International Airport upon their return from road playoff games, usually after midnight. The team saw crowds of various sizes gather there after every return trip during the 2002 and 2006 playoffs.
- Professional wrestlers Ric Flair, Jeff Hardy and Matt Hardy, all North Carolina residents, are big Hurricanes fans. On the Leap of Faith DVD, the Hardys can be seen wearing Hurricanes shirts. Flair attends games regularly, and has been taped in several in-game videos, including a video played after every Hurricanes goal where he gives his trademark "Woooooooo!"
- In 2007, the team became only the third defending Stanley Cup champion, and first in 11 years, to miss the playoffs the following season. Another dubious distinction that occurred with missing the playoffs is that the team became only the 2nd team to win a Stanley Cup Championship after missing the playoffs the previous season, only to miss the playoffs the following season.
- Carolina Hurricanes center Eric Staal appeared on the cover of NHL 08.
- ↑ ESPN.com, New Jersey Devils/Carolina Hurricanes NHL recap on ESPN
- ↑ SportsIllustrated.com, SI's 2001-02 NHL Team Previews: Hurricanes
- ↑ ESPN.com, NHL Attendance
- ↑ Hockeydb.com, Carolina Hurricanes season statistics and records
- ↑ CarolinaHurricanes.com, 2005-06 BCBSNC Storm Squad
- ↑ Fayetteville Online, Hurricanes fans bring the noise
- ↑ SportingNews.com, My Turn: I'm a 'redneck hockey' fan