The Canadian Hockey Association was an early men's professional ice hockey league. It was founded in 1909 as the result of a dispute within the Eastern Canada Hockey Association, but was the loser of the dispute. The league survived only a few weeks of play in January 1910 before teams left the league, causing its dissolution. The league held the Stanley Cup as the reigning champion Ottawa Hockey Club was a founding member of the league.


At the regular annual meeting of the Eastern Canada Hockey Association, held at the Windsor Hotel in Montreal on November 25, 1909, three teams from the ECHA ( Ottawa, Quebec, and the Montreal Shamrocks ) resigned and formed the new Canadian Hockey Association. The new league then took applications from other teams including their former partner the Montreal Wanderers of the ECHA. The three teams had decided to form the new league after the Wanderers were sold to new owners that wanted to move the club to the smaller Jubilee Arena from their former home, the Montreal Arena. The other clubs, most specifically Ottawa, then the Stanley Cup champions, wanted to only play at the Montreal Arena. The CHA then opened their association to applications from other hockey clubs, rejecting applications from Wanderers which did not commit to the Arena, while accepting two other teams: the All-Montreal, organized by former Wanderers captain Art Ross, and the francophone Montreal Le National.[1]

Play started on December 30. After a few games it was clear that fan interest was not there as only 800 fans were recorded for the game between the Nationals and the Shamrocks. After the January 8 game between All-Montreal and Ottawa, which was attended by only 1500 fans, Art Ross made plans to suspend the All-Montreal team and, along with Paddy Moran, join the Haileybury team of the NHA. League secretary Emmett Quinn notified the Ottawa team that the situation was hopeless. The Shamrocks announced that they would abandon the league. The CHA owners decided to proceed with an amalgamation with the NHA, entitling the league the "Canadian-National Hockey League".[2]

A meeting with the NHA on January 15, 1910 was planned to consider amalgamation with the CHA, but amalgamation was not discussed. Instead the NHA admitted Ottawa and the Shamrocks. The Le National were offered the franchise of Les Canadiens, but declined, partly due to the Canadiens' lease with the Jubilee Arena. No invitation was offered to All-Montreal and Quebec. The CHA ceased operations.

During its brief season, the Ottawa Hockey Club won a Stanley Cup challenge against Galt, champions of the Ontario Professional Hockey League(OPHL). For this, and a challenge during the NHA season, the Senators are considered co-champions of the Stanley Cup in 1910.


Season summaryEdit

Month Day Visitor Score Home Score
Dec. 30 All-Montreal7Le National2
Jan. 1 Quebec 7 Shamrocks 6
4 Shamrocks 6 All-Montreal 3
8 All-Montreal 5 Quebec 1
8 Ottawa 14 Le National 4
11 Le National 8 Shamrocks 17
13 Ottawa 15 All-Montreal 5
15 Le National 11 Quebec 12
15† Shamrocks 3 Ottawa 15

† This game, a scheduled CHA game, was counted in the NHA schedule.

Stanley Cup ChallengesEdit

During the CHA season, Ottawa as Cup champion played one challenge in addition to their regular schedule:

Ottawa vs. GaltEdit

Ottawa played a two-game total goals series against Galt, Ontario, champions of the Ontario Professional Hockey League and prevailed with 12–3 and 3–1 victories. Marty Walsh led Ottawa with 6 goals.

Date Winning Team Score Losing Team Location
January 5, 1910Ottawa Hockey Club12–3GaltThe Arena
January 7, 1910Ottawa Hockey Club3–1Galt
Ottawa wins total goals series 15 goals to 4
January 5
Galt 3 at Ottawa 12
Lehman G LeSueur
Charlton P Lake 1
Murphy CP Mallen, K.
Manson 2 F Stuart 2
Mallen, J. 2 F Walsh 6
Dusome F Shore 2
Doherty 1 F Ridpath 1
Referee - R. Bowie
January 7
Galt 1 at Ottawa 3
Lehman G LeSueur
Charlton 1 P Lake 1
Murphy CP Shore
Cochrane F Stuart 1
Mallen, J. F Walsh
Dusome F Kerr
Doherty F Ridpath 1
Referee - Patrick & Spittal

Ottawa Hockey Club, January 1910 Stanley Cup ChampionsEdit



  • Thomas D'arcy McGee (President)†, Llewellyn Bates (Vice President)†
  • Pete Green (Coach)†, Patrick Basketville (Treasurer)†
  • Martin Rosenthal (Secretary)†, Mac McGilton (Trainer)†
  • Charles Sparks†, Charles Bryson†, Dave Mulligan† (Directors)
  • Perciville Buttler†, Charles Irvin† (Directors)

†known non-playing members of 1910 Ottawa Hockey Club. No team picture of Ottawa in 1910 has been found.

Stanley Cup Engraving

Ottawa engraved "Ottawa 1910" and "OTTAWA vs GALT/OTTAWA vs EDMONTON".

See alsoEdit


  • Coleman, Charles L (1966). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc.. National Hockey League. 
  1. "Ottawa Hockey Club Enters a New Canadian "Pro" League", Ottawa Citizen, November 26, 1909, p. 8. 
  2. "Peace in Pro Hockey World Will Be Restored Today", Ottawa Citizen, January 15, 1910, p. 9. 
Preceded by
Ottawa Hockey Club
Ottawa Hockey Club
Stanley Cup Champions

January 1910
Succeeded by
Montreal Wanderers
March 1910
Preceded by
1909 ECHA season
pre-NHL seasons
Succeeded by
1910 NHA season
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.