1969World.jpg

The 1969 World Ice Hockey Championships was the 36th edition of the Ice Hockey World Championships, which also doubled as the 47th European ice hockey championships. For the first time the Pool A, B and C tournaments were hosted by different nations:

Pool A in Stockholm, Sweden, 15. - 30 March 1969
Pool B in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, 28 February - 9 March 1969
Pool C in Skopje, Yugoslavia, 24 February - 2 March 1969

A total of 20 nations participated in the tournament. The Pool A team featured only the top six nations, now playing a double round-robin tournament for the amateur world championship. Teams #7-#14 contested the Pool B championship with the winner qualifying for the 1970 Pool A championship, while the bottom six participated in the Pool C tournament.

World Championship Group A (Sweden)[edit | edit source]

For the seventh straight year, the Soviet Union won the Pool A tournament. Originally the tournament was scheduled to be held in Czechoslovakia, but due to the Soviet invasion of the country, they declined to host.[1] In the two games the Czechoslovak and Soviet teams played against each other, the Czechoslovak team won both times, becoming the first team to beat the Soviet Union twice in the same international tournament.[1] For the first time in international ice hockey, body-checking was allowed in all three zones of the ice.[2]. Team USA was demoted to Pool-B after losing all ten games.

Pos. Team URS SWE TCH CAN FIN USA W T L GF-GA PTS
1. Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union *** 4:2* 0:2* 7:1* 6:1* 17:2* 8 0 2 59:23 16
2. Flag of Sweden.png Sweden 2:3 *** 2:0* 5:1* 6:3* 8:2* 8 0 2 45:19 16
3. Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia 4:3 0:1 *** 6:1* 7:4* 8:3* 8 0 2 40:20 16
4. Flag of Canada.png Canada 2:4 2:4 2:3 *** 5:1* 5:0* 4 0 6 26:31 8
5. Flag of Finland.png Finland 3:7 0:5 2:4 1:6 *** 4:3* 2 0 8 26:52 4
6. Flag of the United States.png United States of America 4:8 4:10 2:6 0:1 3:7 *** 0 0 10 23:74 0
47. European Championship Rankings (URS-SWE-CSK-FIN games only)
1. Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union
2. Flag of Sweden.png Sweden
3. Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia
4. Flag of Finland.png Finland

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png CzechoslovakiaFlag of Canada.png Canada 6:1 (1:0, 2:1, 3:0)

15. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Suchý 2, Nedomanský, Jiří Holík, Ševčík, Horešovský – King.
Referees: Wiking, Dahlberg (SWE)

Flag of Sweden.png SwedenFlag of Finland.png Finland 6:3 (3:1, 1:1, 2:1)

15. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Lundström 2, Henriksson 2, Sterner, Nilsson - J. Peltonen, Keinonen, Isaksson.

Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet UnionFlag of the United States.png United States of America 17:2 (3:0, 11:0, 3:2)

15. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Starshinov 4, Firsov 4, Mikhailov 3, Yurzinov 2, Paladiev, Maltsev, Petrov, Mishakov - Lackey 2.

Flag of Canada.png CanadaFlag of Finland.png Finland 5:1 (1:1, 1:0, 3:0)

16. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Caffery 2, Pinder, Bourbonnais, Huck - Keinonen.

Flag of Sweden.png SwedenFlag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union 2:4 (2:1, 0:1, 0:2)

16. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Nilsson, Johansson – Starshinov, Maltsev, Mikhailov, Kharlamov.

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png CzechoslovakiaFlag of the United States.png United States of America 8:3 (2:1, 4:2, 2:0)

16. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Nedomanský 2, Jar. Holík 2, Farda, Suchý, Hrbatý, Golonka – Lackey, Christiansen, Stordahl.
Referees: Dahlberg (SWE), Vaillancourt (CAN)

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png CzechoslovakiaFlag of Finland.png Finland 7:4 (4:1, 3:1, 0:2)

18. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Machač 3, Nedomanský 2, Suchý, Jiří Holík – Rantasila 2, Partinen, Mononen.
Referees: Joyal, Villancourt (CAN)

Flag of Sweden.png SwedenFlag of the United States.png United States of America 8:2 (1:2, 3:0, 4:0)

18. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Sterner 2, Carlsson, Milton, Karlsson, Johansson, Lundström, Olsson - Markle, Pleau.

Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet UnionFlag of Canada.png Canada 7:1 (5:1, 2:0, 0:0)

18. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Vikulov 2, Firsov 2, Kharlamov 2, Yakushev - Pinder.

Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union - Flag of Finland.png Finland 6:1 (3:0, 1:0, 2:1)

19. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Petrov 2, Paladiev, Maltsev, Firsov, Kharlamov - Oksanen.

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia - Flag of Sweden.png Sweden 0:2 (0:1, 0:0, 0:1)

19. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Palmqvist, Nilsson.
Referees: Trumble (USA), Joyal (CAN)

Flag of Canada.png CanadaFlag of the United States.png United States of America 5:0 (1:0, 0:0, 4:0)

20. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Hargreaves, Caffery, Bayes, King, Huck.

Flag of Sweden.png SwedenFlag of Canada.png Canada 5:1 (1:1, 3:0, 1:0)

21. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Lundström 2, Svedberg, Sjöberg, Johansson - Caffery.

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia - Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union 2:0 (0:0, 1:0, 1:0)

21. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: 33. Suchý, 47. Černý.
Referees: Dahlberg (SWE), Vaillancourt (CAN)

Flag of Finland.png FinlandFlag of the United States.png United States of America 4:3 (1:1, 1:0, 2:2)

22. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: E. Peltonen 2, Leimu, Wahlsten - Pleau, Mayasich, Sheehy.

Flag of the United States.png United States of AmericaFlag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union 4:8 (1:3, 1:2, 2:3)

23. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Mayasich 2, Skime, Naslund - Mishakov 2, Paladiev, Firsov, Mikhailov, Petrov, Kharlamov, Yurzinov.

Flag of Sweden.png SwedenFlag of Finland.png Finland 5:0 (2:0, 2:0, 1:0)

23. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Karlsson 3, Sjöberg, Johansson.

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia - Flag of Canada.png Canada 3:2 (1:1, 1:0, 1:1)

23. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Golomka, Hrbatý, Jar. Holík – Heindl, Bayes.
Referees: Dahlberg (SWE), Trumble (USA)

Flag of Sweden.png SwedenFlag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union 2:3 (1:1, 1:1, 0:1)

24. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Sjöberg, Nygren - Mikhailov 2, Petrov.

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia - Flag of Finland.png Finland 4:2 (2:2, 1:0, 1:0)

25. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Jiřík 2, Jiří Holík, Nedomanský – Keinonen, Isaksson.
Referees: Wiking (SWE), Trumble (USA)

Flag of the United States.png United States of America - Flag of Canada.png Canada 0:1 (0:1, 0:0, 0:0)

25. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorer: Mott.

Flag of Finland.png Finland - Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union 3:7 (0:1, 1:4, 2:2)

26. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Leimu, Isaksson, Oksanen – Paladiev, Zimin, Starshinov, Maltsev, Petrov, Firsov, Mishakov

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia - Flag of the United States.png United States of America 6:2 (2:0, 2:1, 2:1)

26. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Nedomanský 2, Černý 2, Pospíšil, Machač – Pieau, Skime.
Referees: Sillankorva (FIN), Vaillancourt (CAN)

Flag of Sweden.png SwedenFlag of Canada.png Canada 4:2 (1:0, 0:2, 3:0)

27. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Sterner 2, Johansson, Håkan Nygren – Pinder, Heindl.

Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia - Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union 4:3 (2:0, 0:2, 2:1)

28. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: 15. Jiří Holík, 20. Nedomanský, 49. Horešovský, 51. Jar. Holík – 22. Kharlamov, 33. Firsov, 58. Ragulin.
Referees: Dahlberg (SWE), Vaillancourt (CAN)

Flag of Finland.png FinlandFlag of Canada.png Canada 1:6 (0:3, 1:2, 0:1)

29. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Mononen - King, Stephanson, Heindl, Begg, Mott, Huck.

Flag of Sweden.png SwedenFlag of the United States.png United States of America 10:4 (6:2, 1:1, 3:1)

29. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Milton 3, Nilsson 3, Karlsson, Johansson, Nygren, Olsson - Lackey, Pleau, Stordahl, Gambucci.

Flag of the United States.png United States of AmericaFlag of Finland.png Finland 3:7 (1:1, 0:5, 2:1)

30. March 1969 - Stockholm
Goalscorers: Pleau, Stordahl, Christiansen - Rantasila 2, J. Peltonen 2, Leimu, Harju, E. Peltonen.


Flag of Czechoslovakia.png CzechoslovakiaFlag of Sweden.png Sweden 0:1 (0:1, 0:0, 0:0)

30. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorer: 18. Olsson.
Referees: Trumble (USA), Vaillancourt (CAN)

Flag of Canada.png CanadaFlag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union 2:4 (1:1, 0:1, 1:2)

30. March 1969 – Stockholm
Goalscorers: Demarco, Heindl - Mikhailov 2, Romishevsky, Maltsev.

Pool A Statistics. Awards and Team Rosters[edit | edit source]

IIHF Awards

Best Goaltender Flag of Sweden Leif Holmqvist
Best Defenceman Flag of Czechoslovakia Jan Suchý
Best Forward Flag of Sweden Ulf Sterner

All Stars

Goal Flag of Czechoslovakia Vladimír Dzurilla
Defence Flag of Sweden Lennart Svedberg
Defence Flag of Czechoslovakia Jan Suchý
Left Wing Flag of Soviet Union Anatoli Firsov
Center Flag of Sweden Ulf Sterner
Right wing Flag of Czechoslovakia Václav Nedomanský
LEADING SCORERS Goals Assists Points
1. Flag of Soviet Union Anatoli Firsov 10 4 14
2. Flag of Soviet Union Boris Mikhailov 9 5 14
2. Flag of Sweden Ulf Sterner 9 5 14
4. Flag of Czechoslovakia Jaroslav Holík 4 10 14
5. Flag of Soviet Union Valeri Kharlamov 6 7 13

1. Flag of the Soviet Union.png Soviet Union
Goaltenders: Viktor Zinger, Viktor Puchkov.
Defencemen: Vitali Davydov, Igor Romishevsky, Alexander Ragulin, Vladimir Lutchenko, Yevgeni Paladiev, Viktor Kuzkin.
Forwards: Vladimir Vikulov, Alexander Maltsev, Anatoli Firsov, Boris Mikhailov, Vladimir Petrov, Valeri Kharlamov, Yevgeni Zimin, Viacheslav Starshinov, Alexander Yakushev, Yevgeni Mishakov, Vladimir Yurzinov.
Coaches: Arkady Chernyshev, Anatoli Tarasov.


2. Flag of Sweden.png Sweden
Goaltenders: Leif Holmqvist, Gunnar Bäckman.
Defencemen: Lennart Svedberg, Arne Carlsson, Bert-Olov Nordlander, Lars-Erik Sjöberg, Nils Johansson, Kjell-Rune Milton.
Forwards: Stig-Göran Johansson, Stefan Karlsson, Tord Lundström, Ulf Sterner, Lars-Göran Nilsson, Björn Palmqvist, Håkan Nygren, Mats Hysing, Dick Yderström, Roger Olsson, Leif Henriksson.
Coach: Arne Strömberg.

3. Flag of Czechoslovakia.png Czechoslovakia
Goaltenders: Vladimír Dzurilla, Miroslav Lacký.
Defencemen: Jan Suchý, Josef Horešovský, Oldřich Machač, František Pospíšil, Vladimír Bednář.
Forwards: František Ševčík, Jozef Golonka, Jaroslav Jiřík, Jan Hrbatý, Jaroslav Holík, Jiří Holík, Richard Farda, Václav Nedomanský, Josef Černý, Jan Klapáč, Jan Havel, Josef Augusta.
Coaches: Jaroslav Pitner, Vladimír Kostka.

4. Flag of Canada.png Canada
Goaltenders: Wayne Stephenson, Steve Rexe.
Defencemen: Gary Begg, Terry O'Malley, Ken Stephanson, Jack Bownass, Bob Murdoch, Ab DeMarco, Jr.
Forwards: Gerry Pinder, Fran Huck, Morris Mott, Richie Bayes, Terry Caffery, Steve King, Chuck Lefley, Roger Bourbonnais, Ted Hargreaves, Bill Heindl, Danny O'Shea
Coach: Jackie McLeod.

5. Flag of Finland.png Finland
Goaltenders: Urpo Ylönen, Lasse Kiili.
Defencemen: Seppo Lindström, Lalli Partinen, Juha Rantasila, Ilpo Koskela, Pekka Marjamäki.
Forwards: Lasse Oksanen, Juhani Wahlsten, Matti Keinonen, Esa Peltonen, Jorma Peltonen, Pekka Leimu, Lauri Mononen, Esa Isaksson, Juhani Jylhä, Veli-Pekka Ketola, Matti Harju, Kari Johansson.
Coaches: Gustav Bubnik and Seppo Liitsola.

6. Flag of the United States.png United States of America
Goaltenders: Mike Curran, John Lothrop.
Defencemen: Bruce Riutta, Carl Lackey, Jim Branch, Bob Paradise, John Mayasich.
Forwards: Ron Nasland, Paul Coppo, Larry Pleau, Larry Stordahl, Bill Reichert, Gary Gambucci, Tim Sheehy, Keith Christiansen, Pete Markle, Jerry Lackey, Larry Skime.
Coach: John Mayasich (player-coach).

Team Photos[edit | edit source]

World Championship Group B (Yugoslavia)[edit | edit source]

GDR POL YUG GER NOR ROM AUT ITA W T L GF-GA PTS
7. Flag of East Germany.png East Germany *** 4:1 6:1 6:1 13:4 11:2 11:3 11:1 7 0 0 62:13 14
8. Flag of Poland.png Poland 1:4 *** 4:1 3:2 5:1 4:2 9:1 5:2 6 0 1 31:13 12
9. Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.png Yugoslavia 1:6 1:4 *** 4:1 3:3 4:4 2:1 2:1 4 0 3 17:20 8
10. Flag of Germany.png Federal Republic of Germany 1:6 2:3 1:4 *** 5:0 6:2 8:0 5:1 4 0 3 28:16 8
11. Flag of Norway.png Norway 4:13 1:5 3:3 0:5 *** 5:4 3:3 10:2 3 0 4 26:35 6
12. Flag of Romania.gif Romania 2:11 2:4 4:4 2:6 4:5 *** 5:4 5:2 2 1 4 24:36 5
13. Flag of Austria.png Austria 3:11 1:9 1:2 0:8 3:3 4:5 *** 3:1 1 1 5 15:39 3
14. Flag of Italy.png Italy 1:11 2:5 1:2 1:5 2:10 2:5 1:3 *** 0 0 7 10:41 0
  • East Germany and Poland were promoted to the 1970 Pool A tournament while Austria and Italy were demoted to Pool C.

Flag of Poland.png PolandFlag of Romania.gif Romania 4:2 (0:1, 2:0, 2:1)

28. February 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of East Germany.png East GermanyFlag of Italy.png Italy 11:1 (2:0, 4:1, 5:0)

28. February 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Norway.png NorwayFlag of Austria.png Austria 3:3 (2:0, 1:2, 0:1)

28. February 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.png YugoslaviaFlag of Germany.png Federal Republic of Germany 4:1 (1:1, 2:0, 1:0)

28. February 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of East Germany.png East GermanyFlag of Norway.png Norway 13:4 (4:1, 5:0, 4:3)

1. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Germany.png Federal Republic of GermanyFlag of Romania.gif Romania 6:2 (2:2, 2:0, 2:0)

1. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.png YugoslaviaFlag of Italy.png Italy 2:1 (0:0, 2:0, 0:1)

2. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Poland.png PolandFlag of Austria.png Austria 9:1 (2:0, 3:0, 4:1)

2. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of East Germany.png East GermanyFlag of Romania.gif Romania 11:2 (2:1, 4:1, 5:0)

3. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Germany.png Federal Republic of GermanyFlag of Norway.png Norway 5:0 (0:0, 1:0, 4:0)

3. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Poland.png PolandFlag of Italy.png Italy 5:2 (0:0, 2:1, 3:1)

3. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.png YugoslaviaFlag of Austria.png Austria 2:1 (0:0, 1:0, 1:1)

3. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Norway.png NorwayFlag of Romania.gif Romania 5:4 (2:1, 3:1, 0:2)

4. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Germany.png Federal Republic of GermanyFlag of East Germany.png East Germany 1:6 (0:1, 1:0, 0:5)

4. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Austria.png AustriaFlag of Italy.png Italy 3:1 (0:0, 2:0, 1:1)

5. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.png YugoslaviaFlag of Poland.png Poland 1:4 (1:2, 0:0, 0:2)

5. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of East Germany.png East GermanyFlag of Austria.png Austria 11:3 (1:1, 7:1, 3:1)

6. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Poland.png PolandFlag of Norway.png Norway 5:1 (4:0, 1:1, 0:0)

6. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Germany.png Federal Republic of GermanyFlag of Italy.png Italy 5:1 (2:0, 1:1, 2:0)

6. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.png YugoslaviaFlag of Romania.gif Romania 4:4 (0:1, 3:3, 1:0)

6. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.png YugoslaviaFlag of Norway.png Norway 3:3 (0:2, 2:0, 1:1)

8. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Germany.png Federal Republic of GermanyFlag of Austria.png Austria 8:0 (2:0, 2:0, 4:0)

8. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Romania.gif RomaniaFlag of Italy.png Italy 5:2 (0:1, 0:0, 5:1)

8. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of East Germany.png East GermanyFlag of Poland.png Poland 4:1 (2:1, 1:0, 1:0)

8. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Norway.png NorwayFlag of Italy.png Italy 10:2 (6:0, 3:2, 1:0)

9. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Poland.png PolandFlag of Germany.png Federal Republic of Germany 3:2 (1:0, 1:1, 1:1)

9. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of Romania.gif RomaniaFlag of Austria.png Austria 5:4 (0:1, 2:3, 3:0)

9. March 1969 – Ljubljana

Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.png YugoslaviaFlag of East Germany.png East Germany 1:6 (0:1, 0:4, 1:1)

9. March 1969 – Ljubljana

World Championship Group C (Yugoslavia)[edit | edit source]

JPN SUI HUN NED BUL DEN W T L GF-GA PTS
15. Flag of Japan.gif Japan *** 5:2 6:3 11:0 3:4 11:1 4 0 1 36:10 8
16. Flag of Switzerland.png Switzerland 2:5 *** 11:1 8:0 11:1 9:0 4 0 1 41:9 8
17. Flag of Hungary.png Hungary 3:6 1:11 *** 13:1 5:3 4:1 3 0 2 26:22 6
18. Flag of the Netherlands.png Netherlands 0:11 0:8 1:13 *** 7:5 4:3 2 0 3 12:40 4
19. Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria 4:3 3:11 3:5 5:7 *** 4:2 2 0 3 19:28 4
20. Flag of Denmark.png Denmark 1:11 0:9 1:4 3:4 2:4 *** 0 0 5 7:32 0
  • Japan, Switzerland and Hungary were promoted to the 1970 Pool B tournament.

Flag of Japan.gif JapanFlag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria 3:4 (0:0, 2:2, 1:2)

24. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Switzerland.png SwitzerlandFlag of Hungary.png Hungary 11:1 (3:0, 4:0, 4:1)

24. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of the Netherlands.png NetherlandsFlag of Denmark.png Denmark 4:3 (2:0, 0:2, 2:1)

24. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Switzerland.png SwitzerlandFlag of the Netherlands.png Netherlands 8:0 (2:0, 3:0, 3:0)

25. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Hungary.png HungaryFlag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria 5:3 (2:1, 2:2, 1:0)

26. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Japan.gif JapanFlag of Denmark.png Denmark 11:1 (1:1, 5:0, 5:0)

26. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of the Netherlands.png NetherlandsFlag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria 7:5 (2:2, 4:1, 1:2)

27. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Japan.gif JapanFlag of Hungary.png Hungary 6:3 (0:1, 4:1, 2:1)

27. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Switzerland.png SwitzerlandFlag of Denmark.png Denmark 9:0 (3:0, 5:0, 1:0)

27. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Japan.gif JapanFlag of the Netherlands.png Netherlands 11:0 (5:0, 4:0, 2:0)

28. February 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Hungary.png HungaryFlag of Denmark.png Denmark 4:1 (1:0, 1:1, 2:0)

1. March 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Switzerland.png SwitzerlandFlag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria 11:3 (5:0, 3:3, 3:0)

1. March 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Bulgaria.png BulgariaFlag of Denmark.png Denmark 4:2 (1:1, 3:1, 0:0)

2. March 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Hungary.png HungaryFlag of the Netherlands.png Netherlands 13:1 (5:0, 3:0, 5:1)

2. March 1969 – Skopje

Flag of Japan.gif JapanFlag of Switzerland.png Switzerland 5:2 (3:0, 1:2, 1:0)

2. March 1969 – Skopje

Notes[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • Szemberg, Szymon & Podnieks, Andrew, eds. (2007), World of Hockey: Celebrating a Century of the IIHF, Bolton, Ontario: Fenn Publishing, ISBN 1-55168-307-5
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