These events occured in 1956 in the world of hockey:
- Art Ross Memorial Trophy as the NHL's leading scorer during the regular season: Jean Beliveau, Montreal Canadiens
- Hart Memorial Trophy for the NHL's Most Valuable Player: Jean Beliveau, Montreal Canadiens
- Stanley Cup – Montreal Canadiens win 4 games to 1 over the Detroit Red Wings
- World Hockey Championship
- Men's champion: Soviet Union defeated the United States
- NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship - University of Michigan Wolverines defeat Michigan Technological University Huskies 7-5 in Colorado Springs, CO
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